Analysis Of Domestic Solid Waste Management Strategies
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Solid waste management has become the most pressing issue in many Nigerian cities and towns. In recent years, solid waste management has become a major challenge. In Nigerian cities, the problem of waste generation, handling, and disposal has reached alarming proportions. Domestic solid waste management strategies were investigated in Tunga, Chanchaga Local Government, Niger State, Nigeria. This was accomplished by characterizing the types of domestic solid waste generated in the study area, investigating the domestic solid waste management strategies used in the study area, identifying the key players in domestic solid waste management in the study area, examining the frequency of waste generated and waste disposed of, and determining the effectiveness of the domestic solid waste management strategies used. in the study area. Direct field observations, questionnaire administration, oral interviews, and images and photos of the study area were used to collect primary data for this study. A total of 327 households were sampled out of a total of 2040. The research questions were addressed using frequency and percentage tables, bar and pie charts, the Chi Square and Kruskal Wallis tests. According to the findings, the most common types of domestic solid waste generated in the study area were organic, paper, plastic, old and rusted metals, and textile wastes. Domestic solid waste management strategies in place included burning, open dumping, and burying, with open dumping being the most common (about 72%). The key players in solid waste management The government and individual households were wastes. In the study area, waste generation (approximately 74%) exceeded waste disposal (approximately 49%) on a daily basis. 63% of respondents said burning domestic solid waste is effective, 84% said burying domestic solid waste is effective, and 14% said open dumping of domestic solid waste is effective. The Chi Square analysis revealed a significant difference in the frequency of waste generated and waste disposed of in the study area, with an alpha value of 0.01, whereas the Kruskal Wallis H test revealed no significant difference in the effectiveness of domestic solid waste management strategies in the study area (=0.646). The study’s findings revealed that the waste management methods used Sustainable waste management practices are not followed in the study area. This implies that domestic solid waste management has received little attention in the study area. The study thus recommended public enlightenment and education on waste management issues, as well as a better public awareness strategy on the subject, increased waste collection frequency, and the adoption of composting as a waste management method, because the majority of domestic solid waste generated is organic in nature.
READ ALSO: EFFECTS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
1.1BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Waste management is a serious global environmental issue that must be addressed. Particularly in developing countries, increased urbanization, poor planning, and a lack of adequate resources all contribute to the poor state of municipal solid waste management (Mwanthi et al, 1997). Solid waste management has been proven to be critical to the health and well-being of city dwellers (World Bank, 2013). The Federal Ministry of Environment defines waste as any damaged or useless material produced or left over from human activities. Waste is defined by the United Kingdom Environmental Protection Board (1990) as any substance, scrap material, effluent, or other unwanted surplus substance resulting from the application of any process.
READ ALSO: HOUSEHOLD WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
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