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 TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                                        i
Declaration                                                             ii
Certification                                                            iii
Dedication                                                               iv
Acknowledgement                                                  v
Table of content                                                      vi
Abstract
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
  • Background of the study 3
  • Statement of the problem 9
  • Research objectives 10
  • Research questions 11
  • Significance of the study 12
  • Scope of the study 13
  • Limitations of the study 14
  • Operational definitions of terms. 15

 

CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.1   Introduction                                                     18
  • Empirical Review 18
  • Theoretical Frame work 30
    • Agenda setting theory 30

2.3.2        Development media theory                    

 

CHAPTERTHREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1   Introduction                                                    37

3.2   Research Design/Method of Study                37

3.3   Population of Study                                        38

3.4   Sample                                                            38

3.5 Sampling Technique                                         39

3.6 Instrument of Data Collection                         41

3.7 Validity of Instrument                                      41

3.8 Method of Data Presentation                           42

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DATE PRESENTATION, DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

Discussion of findings                                             46

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Introduction 55
  • Summary of findings 55
  • Conclusion 57
  • Recommendation 57

Reference                                                        59

Appendix I                                                       62

ABSTRACT

This work focuses on the coverage of foreign news by Nigerian newspapers using the Guardian and Vanguard as case studies. The researcher made use of content analysis, while simple random sampling was used to select 24 editions of the two newspapers which amounted to 48 editions as the simple size, for the period of six months of this study. The findings showed that Nigerian newspapers report foreign news frequently but do not give it prominence, that is, most foreign news reported were buried in the inside pages of the newspapers. Also, the Nigerian newspapers report more of negative foreign news which does not have any bearing on developments purposes. This work concludes that the concept of imbalance in news flow should be giving less attention and accepted as a characteristics of media system.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Communication is so vital in our lives that it could be regarded as one of the characteristics of living organisms. It is a necessary condition education, socialization, understanding, co-operation and even confrontation. (Ekeanyanwu, 2007, p. 13).

Communication has no doubt become a powerful instrument of peace and war, thus aiding and abatting the mutual relationship between countries of the world. And when there is a controversy in information flow among countries of the world, it degenerates to an imbalanced communication.

It could be recalled that over the years, there has been a monumental disagreement between developing and western countries. The developing countries claim the western world report them in a bad light or fail to report about at all, thus the concept of news imbalance.

It is in the light of the above that is that this research work was set to find out if Nigerian media are defaulters of the same offence by examining how Nigerian newspapers cover foreign news, using two national newspapers (Vanguard and The Guardian) as the case study.

More importantly, to find out how frequent foreign news are reported, the nature of its presentation, type of foreign news the report e.t.c. and so many other related issue.

The concept of news, journalism and freedom of the press have for many years been a major source of disagreement between developing countries in Africa and the developed countries in the world. Developing countries often feel ill served by the western media claiming that foreign writers distort the story about African growth and development or times, fail to report it at all. The developed countries on the other hand, see the developing nations as hindering the report of news. Members of the news media in industrialize nations, that is, free press as it exists in the United State of America and Great Britain virtually unknown in Africa and other parts of the developing nations.

In the mid ‘70s, there was a cry over the poor coverage of events in the industrialized world by the African press while the African press also lamented about the industrialized world over the same issue. Macbride (1980, p.36) reacted by saying that “the gap between the fully inform and under informed continues to widen as the imbalance between those imparting and those receiving information becomes accumulated”. As a result, the maintenance of an open flow of information has become a necessity to nations of the world.

A free flow of information across national boundaries helps to create and maintain sense of nationhood, performs developmental task such as improving education, healthcare delivery, science and technology, political stability and offers inter cultural information. It also helps in formation of public opinion as well act as a form of entertainment. It also acts as a watch-dog on Government in a country where such is permitted.

The nature of news is always changing because national interest and standard are always changing and as result, the structure of news for developing nation’s especially African countries must be re-defined to reflect efforts being made by different government in Africa to transform their societies.

The western definition of news on the other hand, emphasizes on events that are out of the ordinary, exceptional, exciting and sensational like “man bites dog”. This concept of news has influenced western reporters in what they gather and write as news about Africa. To these reporters, news is made in the third world countries only when there are scandals, coup, civil war and uprising.

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