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Christian Education: An Overview of the Purpose and Scope of Christian  Education



This study was design to investigate the effect of Christian education on Christian home in Abuja North District of Assemblies of God Church, Nigeria. Four research question were formulated in order to guide the study. Oral interviews and questionnaires were used to gather relevant information from respondents from the study area. A total of one hundred and twenty (120) questionnaires were distributed to some selected members of Assemblies of God Church in Abuja North District. After data collection analysis was done, where the collected information was interpreted to meet the objectives of the project. The study revealed that Christian education has significant influence on Christian homes in Abuja North District. It was also discovered that some Christians homes experienced marital crises such as; financial challenges, divorce, physical abuse and threat to life of partners and children. The study concluded with some recommendations that pastors should organize compulsory Christian education classes for both married and intending couples to reduce the rate of marriage divorce that is rampant in Christian marriages today and in Abuja North District.

                                          CHAPTER ONE


1.1 Background to the Study

The teaching of Christian education is required for the understanding of God’s plans and intentions toward a happy marriage and home. Marriage is a covenant by which a man and a woman establish between themselves life partnership which nature is pioneered toward the good of the spouses, procreation and education of offspring. Christian education teaches that God’s primary purpose for marriage was for unity, complimentary and oneness. Nevertheless, looking in depth to what is obtainable today; the researcher discovered that the reverse is the case as some marriages are hell on earth. The partners are like prisoners living inside big cages without gates (Browning, 2001).Christian couples even sue each other through church disciplinary committee, in traditional courts and in appeal court of law (1 Cor.  6:1-8).

When God first instituted marriage in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:15), it was meant to be an everlasting union filled with pleasures from the Garden of Eden until sin set in and altered this plan. When God instituted marriage, He intended it to be held in honour and high esteem. The couples are meant to be one and demonstrate this purposefully. There have been reoccurring cases of divorce, out-of-wedlock births and father absence due to globalization as well as same-sex marriages or civil unions and cohabitation of people without a marriage contract in Nigeria recently (Browning, 2001). Whereas, from the earliest days of the Christian faith, Christians have honored holy matrimony (as Christian marriages are referred to) as a divinely blessed, lifelong, monogamous union, between a man and a woman.

Christian education must be passed from one generation to another as God places so much value on his words. Christian education is essential and a necessity in attaining marital stability in Christian homes. Christian education reveals the most vital biblical perspectives on marriage and marital live in a Christian homes. It unveils in a broader scope what are to be expected of intending couples right before they steps into marriage. It presents marriage and family together in form of a unique societal sphere of close relations. This unique sphere can be explained as a sphere of love, stewardship, self-denial, obedience and restoring this sphere will enrich family life at large and could provide a positive solution to the emerging crisis in marriages today. The quality of information accessed by couples through Christian Education during marriage counselling determines the level of successful marriages in various matrimonial homes (Ubogu, 2011).

Christian education is the study of God’s revelation to human beings through scriptures, the person of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit (The Trinity). Christian education is seen as one of the means to restore moral and social order in our society including Christian homes. Christian homes are presently in chaos and some at the verge of divorce while some are already experiencing divorce just because they neglected premarital counseling before entering into marriage. In addition, the researcher also noticed that 40% out of 100% of Christian marriages today collapse within three (3) or four (4) months after the wedding, which was as a result of lack of exposure to premarital counseling, that is why the majority  of them find themselves in this marital conflicts. However, the remaining 60% are enjoying their marriages because of the important steps they took about premarital counseling before they entered into marriage (Browning, 2001).  


A typical example of a Christian home is one that is line up with biblical principles and one in which each member understands and fulfills his or her God-given role. As the Holy Bible realistically acknowledges that those who marry are likely to have pains and grief (1 Corinthians 7: 28), no couple or marriage is immune to such inherent problems. Today, the greatest challenge in Christian homes is that often times the blames are pushed on the church, where some members would accuse the pastor of inability to safe-guard his member’s marriages. In some cases it leads to both the divorced parties leaving the church entirely to avoid in-house gossips from church members. Therefore, this study intends to look into the effect of Christian education on Christian home in Abuja North District of Assemblies of God Church.

1.2 Statement of Problems    

Despite the church involvement in resolving marital crisis in Christian homes, cases of divorce and marital disputes is still on the high side. Marital disputes assume different ways. Rarely, they get worse into divorce. Most often, however, they  are  conflicts  fought  in  delicate  ways  such  as  verbal  abuse,  stoic  silence,  open  criticism, ironic comments, threats, humiliating comments and unresponsiveness. Such common strategies are wrong because they tend to weaken a marriage. The effective teaching of morals and ethics that could help sustain marriages are deeply rooted in Christian education which most marriages in Nigeria need to survive. A close look at what is happening in Abuja North District and in some of Christian home, it is certain that some marriages have led to divorce and face numerous marital crisis because most of the couples low knowledge of what Christian education teaches about marriage before entering into marriage. This means that the religious teachings of Christian education is a necessity for every couple which intends to have a happy home, which is vital as it determines how a home will look like either sweet or bitter. This study intend to bridge the literature gaps that exist on the role of Christian education in marriages by examining the effect of Christian education on Christian home in Abuja North District of Assemblies of God Church.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The primary aim of this study is to examine the effect of Christian education on Christian home in Abuja North District of Assemblies of God Church. The specific objectives are:

  1. To explain and discuss the impact of Christian education on Christian homes in Assemblies of God Church, Abuja North District.
  2. To outline some marital challenges in Christian homes in Assemblies of God Church, Abuja North District.
  3. To ascertain if marital crisis do interfere with the religious affairs of couples in Assemblies of God Church Abuja North District.
  4. To offer solutions to marital challenges facing Christians through the adoption of Christian education teachings and guidelines.

1.4 The Significance of the Study

The essence of this research work could be seen from the above objectives. The findings of this study may led to a possible reduction in this social ill (Christian family disunity) act in the society. The result of the study will complement Christian education effort in reducing rate of broken home among Christian families. It will help remind married couples of those Christian educational guidelines thy obtained while preparing to enter into marriage from the church. The findings of the study will improve and minimize disunity in our homes especially those Christian homes experiencing marital crisis in Assemblies of God Church Abuja District. The study findings will also serve as a reference materials to scholars and academia who pick interest in this area in the near future.

1.5 Research Questions

The following research questions would act as a guide in the cause of this study:

  1. Does Christian education have any significant impact on Christian homes in AGN, Abuja North District?
  2. What are the marital challenges in Christian homes in AGN, Abuja North District?
  3. Does marital crisis interfere with the religious affairs of couples in AGN, Abuja North District?
  4. Does Christian education guidelines positively influence Christian marriages in AGN, Abuja North District?

1.6 Scope of the Study

The scope of the study is limited to Assemblies of God Church Nigeria, Abuja District as a case study. It is based on Christian education impact on Christian home and its benefit to the church and intended couples.

1.7 Research Procedure

This research is empirical, it is based on library work and field research. A detailed survey of the Bible, commentaries, Encyclopedia, Journal, books, internet, and dictionaries was carried out in Assemblies of God Theological Seminary library Abuja.

1.8 Limitation to the Study

The researcher was challenged by the inability of respondents to meet up with deadlines and submission of the questionnaire. The interviewer could not meet up the scheduled appointment which led to delay in its collation. However, the available data were used to present a valid work.

1.8 Definition of Terms

Effect: Is a change that results when something is done or happens: an event, condition, or state of affairs that is produced by a cause.

Christian: Christian is simply someone who follows Jesus, who calls upon Jesus Christ as    his or her Lord as well as Savior (Rom. 10:9).

Christian Education: Christian education is the process by which persons are confronted with and controlled by the Christian gospel. It involves the efforts of the Christian community to guide both young and adult persons toward an ever-richer possession of the Christian fellowship. It is both individual and social in nature.

Family: A group of persons united by the ties of marriage, blood, or adoption, constituting a single household and interacting with each other in their respective social positions, usually those of spouses, parents, children, and siblings.

Christian Home: Christian home is one that is line up with biblical principles and one in which each member understands and fulfills his or her God-given role.

Christian Marriage: A Christian Marriage is when a marriage union takes place between two Bible believing Christians who truly want to serve the Lord together.

Counseling: It is the advice and support that is given to people to help them deal with   problems, make important decisions, etc.