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Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
The purpose of this project work is to investigate the effect of family background towards the general educational development and achievement of a child in selected secondary schools, in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State. The research has been carried out in order to proffer the possible means of remanding of the effects or problems most of the information used in this project work was from the questionnaire administered to students in five selected secondary schools with different social class and different family background in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State.
- Background of the study
This cause of poor or good educational development of students in secondary school in addition to other factors may largely start from home, conditions such as poverty, poor feeding, insufficient sleep and general neglect could cause the backwardness of the child’s educational development. Herein comes the effects of the family social background towards the educational development and achievement of a child in local government area of Delta State, whose simply and understanding meaning is the effect of the social class of the family on the general educational development of a child. Through the school may be trying hard to help the child to improve on the educational development, its effort may yield poor results if the parental attitude to school is lukewarm. This could reflect from either the stability or instability of the family in question. The students are blamed most of the time for performing poor in their academic work. The fact is not only that they do not read their books or do their home works but these of them who do not normally pay their school fees promptly might be sent out of the school to get their schools fees from their parents. Due to the effect of the family background towards the educational development of a child, the parents have to work harder to belong to a better social class. (Have a better social background). They should at least belong to the lower middle social class, since the educational development and the success failure of their children finally depend on the family income.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Nowadays the teachers are often blamed for the poor educational development of children without actually finding out other related factors that can contribute to children’s problems as far as their educational development is concerned. Most parents are quick in pointing accusing fingers at both the child and his teachers, whereas they ought to have the greater blame. Should the whole problems be entirely heaped on the teachers who always want the best for his/her students? Hence it is necessary to find out the justification the parents have for blaming the teachers as regards the poor educational development of children. In actual sense, the foundation of socialization of the child is laid at home. Moreso, the children spend more time at home than school. many factors associated with the family could have actively contributed to the positive or negative educational development of the students. The problem therefore is how we reconcile the conflicting views on the effects of the family background towards the educational development of a child in school.
Hence the data collected for this study are therefore intended to answer the following questions;
- What effect does the degree of parent’s educational level affect the educational achievement of a child?
- Are children from illiterate homes more prone to poor performance in educational attainment?
- How does the condition of living in the home of parents affect the educational development of a child?
- Does the socio-economic class of a given family influence the general educational development of a child?
- Does the family structure in terms of monogamy or polygamy affect the educational development of a child?
- Does parental negligence determine the rate of the education achievement of their children?
- Does sex of a child determines the educational achievement of a child?
- What are the influences of the gifted children as regards their educational achievement?
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
Objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the suitable class of a family a child belong to in order to ensure that the targeted goal of giving their children a sound education are achieved
- To find out why the social family background and the general educational development of children remain problematic
- To ascertain whether the family background of a child affect educational achievement
- To ascertain the relationship between family background and educational achievement
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: the family background of a child does not affect educational achievement
H1: the family background of a child affects educational achievement
H02: there is no relationship between family background and educational achievement
H2: there is a relationship between family background and educational achievement
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is no gain saying that the primary purpose of this essay is to examine the courses of the problems of the differences in family background towards the educational development of children in the Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State. infact, this study will only help teachers, parents and students both all those who are involved with the development of children from childhood to parenthood, to know if the family background actually had and significant effect on the educational development of the children in school. It will enable the teacher to take a close look at the role being played by the family, so as to encourage the students to perform better in their academics development. Furthermore, teachers, parents and students do not know as much of the positive and negative effects posed by the social belonging of one’s parents towards the general educational development of a child, or they were less thoughtful and mindful of such problems, therefore a careful study and reading through this essay work may help in no small way in highlighting such problems and focusing parents attention on them. Infact, the outcome of such a study is to benefit in the first place, the general public, parents, students in particular, then teachers and youth in the society.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is restricted to an investigation of the effect of the family background towards the educational development of a child. This research work is again restricted to some schools in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State. Due to the largeness of the area, five selected schools in Isoko North were used for the purpose. The findings therefore, may only be used in places outside Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State for reference purpose. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
- c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
FAMILY BACKGROUND: Family background is a key element of the NLS because parent and sibling attributes have a significant impact on a respondent’s future life experiences. Data are available on the NLSY79 respondents’ parents and siblings as well as on the respondents’ early characteristics
EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: Educational development is a growing and vibrant field, defined as: “helping colleges and universities function effectively as teaching and learning communities” (Felten, Kalish, Pingree, & Plank, 2007, p. 93)
ACHIEVEMENT: A thing done successfully with effort, skill, or courage.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study