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 Abstract

This study is on effect of violent television programme on Nigeria children. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Ikpoba okha local government of Edo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals, vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledge
Abstract
CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
Statement of Problem
Research Questions
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the study
Delimitation /scope of study
Limitation of Study
CHAPTER TWO:

Review of Related Literature

Conceptual Review

Empirical Review

Theoretical Framework

Summary of Literature Review
CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
Research design
Population of Study
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Research Instrument
Validity of Instrument
Administration of the Instrument
Method of Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
Data presentation and Analysis
Discussion of Results
CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Summary
Conclusion
Recommendation
References
Appendix

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the study

The mass media system is a device for delivering thought, information, knowledge, ideas and attitudes to a diversified audience. It has grown from the primitive signals and verbal communication to the present complex facilities. The mass media include printed words and pictures which can appeal to the sense of sight, radio which use sound to transmit messages and television which uses both sound and pictures to communicate massages. In our present complex society there is great dependence on the mass media for the transaction of business. However, the potential influence of television program is shaping individual attitudes and behavior has become a subject of debate. Nevertheless, it is an irresponsible fact that television program massage influence attitude shift both for good and bad depending on the content of the message. In the same way, it has been established that the image used by television program in communicating information to a mass audience, depending of course on the rate of exposure to a particular message. Mass media are part of our environment therefore, their influence on the society have multiplied effect on the audience, depending of course on the rate of exposure to a particular massage. From childhood to adult life, television program from part of our activities. Until a child enters school, electronic media, especially radio dominates and where television is available, a child makes use of it, perhaps for his entertainment, which dominates his childhood activities and in his process, creates a situation in which the child would start to cop or display the content of the message in a real life situation. As the child develops into a young adult, what he has been watching or viewing from the childhood would crystallize into a deviant behavior which will be very difficult to erase from the consciousness of the youth. Indeed, whatever program the television package for public consumption especially those on how members of the public consumption, especially those on how members of the society thinks, acts or talk. It is therefore, defensible that a violence oriented film shown on the screen is likely to influence someone to act the way the message was communicated, particularly when people see that some people get reward in a special way for acting according to the message. It has been established that likely violence oriented films or television has escalated campus violence among the youths, drug trafficking, armed robbery, prostitution, broken marriage among other similar society malaise.

 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The problem of the study is that viewing violence oriented films on television seems to affect the behavior of children in Nigeria. Films have a dramatic effect on the perception of viewers whether the person is conscious or unconscious of this fact for the process of any society. It is good to be peaceful, eschewing violence and settling issues with dialogue and non violence means. Repeated exposure to violence tends to create stereo type in people minds and soon they unconsciously start to re-enact the same scenes they see in films. This type of situation creates problems for the society and if not properly handled may become a big problem for the society to grapple with. Controlling the influence of television films on our children becomes the objective of the researchers work.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain the extent of television program violence on the behavior pattern of Nigerian children.
  2. To finding out why some children have the tendency for violence.
  3. To ascertain whether exposure to violence originated from television program
  4. To ascertain the relationship between violent television program and children behavior

1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0:  there is no extent of television program violence on the behavior pattern of Nigerian children.

H1: there is extent of television program violence on the behavior pattern of Nigerian children.

H02:  there is no relationship between violent television program and children behavior

H2:  there is relationship between violent television program and children behavior

 

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The result of this study will expose the dangers of children indulgence in violent television program watching the violence oriented background which can influence them to follow the last lane of crime and criminal tendencies. Also, the study will help the authorities in Nigeria to devise effective ways so curb crimes in the country as well as check the flooding of Nigeria market with violence oriented films which have no relevance to our culture. Above all, the study is intended to further equip media practitioners, communication experts and government about the need to censor property, the content of programmes, which television station in Nigeria air as most of the programs are capable of helping create behavioral deviance among the youths.

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study covers effect of violent television program on Nigeria children. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
  3. c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS

EFFECT:- Change in attitude and behavior in individual, as a result of expert to persuasive message carried by the mass media.

CHILDREN:- A young human being from the time of birth to the completion of body development.

TELEVISION PROGRAM: A television programme (American spelling: program) is something that people watch on television. Several different kinds are made: A series of fictional programs with the same title and characters (a television series).

VIOLENT: Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, etc

1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

 

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