FACTORS INFLUENCING ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT NURSES AND MIDWIVES IN COLLEGE OF NURSING SCIENCE
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The purpose of this study was to look at the variables that affect instruction and learning at the College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences in Sokoto. Nursing education, and nurse educators in particular, have obligations to society and students to provide high-quality instruction, uphold the highest academic standards, employ effective teaching techniques, and make sure students have enough support. Using a quantitative technique, a non-experimental, descriptive study methodology was used. Nursing students enrolled in courses leading to professional nurse registration made up the target group (N = 356). A stratified sampling technique was employed to choose the participant sample (n = 70). Data was gathered using a structured questionnaire that mostly included closed questions. The study’s findings demonstrated that when academic support classes were available, (n = 42/60%) and (n = 24/34.2%) of the participants consistently attended. Most of the participants (n = 43/61.4%) could handle the burden most of the time, whereas some individuals (n = 6/8.6%) and others (n = 2/2.9%) said they could handle it seldom or never. The study’s findings indicated that the majority of students studied for three or more hours each day. Few pupils (n = 5/7.1%) and (n = 13/18.6%) studied for shorter periods of time each day. The study suggested that English be offered as a course or module in the first year. It is important to support the development of English proficiency among pupils who speak the language as well as those who speak it as a second language. How crucial it is to identify pupils who are “at risk” and launch a mentorship program right away.
The history of education dates back as far as humankind has been. Animals also educate their offspring how to successfully adapt to their surroundings; humans are not the only ones that do this (Aggarwal, 2006). A learner who receives excellent instruction will be able to utilize the resources in the world to the fullest extent possible. Like many other academic disciplines, nursing education has undergone significant transformation in recent years to adapt to the continuously shifting demands of society. Quinn, 2015; Slevin and Lovery, 2011). All persons actively participating in nursing education will now have new roles to play, including teachers, tutors, and practitioners who serve as preceptors or mentors for students in clinical settings. The use of various teaching ideas in nursing has had a significant impact on these shifts. In instance, Carl Rogers’ humanistic theory (1969) introduced a novel method of instruction that is now widely employed by educators globally and has been embraced as a philosophy by numerous academic institutions. According to Roger (2013), every person has the natural capacity for personal growth and development. Bradshaw (2009) provided support for the idea that a teacher’s primary responsibility should be to facilitate the learning process.
Higher education institutions have a significant challenge in providing students with high-quality outcomes in an increasingly competitive and globalized world. Education is a mutual process in which students gain skills, information, and self-awareness while acquiring a range of viewpoints. The goal of nursing education is to prepare student nurses to become competent, licensed professionals (Melish, Brink, and Paton, 2009). Professional nurses and midwives must get education and training from certified educators in order to master certain skills and be aware about the science of nursing. This is necessary in order to deliver skilled nursing and midwifery care. To provide their patients with safe and competent care, they must possess the necessary knowledge and abilities (Leufer, 2007). Professional nurses come to the program with varying expectations about the knowledge they will gain, as well as diverse levels of intellectual aptitude, motivation, and interests.
In addition, the cultures and backgrounds of professional nurses and midwives vary. As a result, the duty of instructing and developing children falls to their educators/teachers, who face significant challenges. In order to highlight the general and remote factors that significantly influence how teaching and learning occur in the College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, Sokoto, the work “factors influencing academic performance of student nurses and midwives in college of nursing science, Sokoto” has been started.
1.2 Statement of Problems
There has been a noticeable drop in student academic performance, particularly at the College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences in Sokoto. This has a negative impact on student admission and graduation. Indexing issues have arisen recently as a result of students quitting their classes to work as junior colleagues after failing the necessary number of courses for promotion. Due to this, there are more students in those classes than should be indexed for the final qualifying exam by the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria (only 50 candidates are qualified to acquire index number each council exam). In order to lessen this effect, the school has also been forced to make the tough decision to admit fewer pupils each session. There are additional variables that could influence or have an impact on academic achievement, teaching, and learning. Investigating potential factors influencing the academic performance of student nurses and midwives at the College of Nursing Science, Sokoto, becomes crucial as a result.
1.3 Objectives of the study
The general objective of the study is to investigate the factors influencing academic performance of student nurses and midwives in college of nursing science, Sokoto. Specifically, the objectives are to:
- Identify the various factors affecting teaching and learning in College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, Sokoto.
- Examine teachers’ attitude towards the teaching and learning in College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, Sokoto.
iii. Determine whether language barrier affects the teaching and learning in College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, Sokoto.
1.4. Research Question
The research question which guides this study includes;
- What are the various factors that affect teaching and learning in college of nursing and midwifery sciences, Sokoto?
- What are the teachers’ attitude towards teaching and learning in college of nursing and midwifery sciences, Sokoto?
iii. Does language barrier affect teaching and learning in College of Nursing and Midwifery Science, Sokoto?
1.5 Significance of the Study
This institution’s job is to teach and prepare students for careers in nursing and midwifery. Investigating the cause is therefore required when attrition rates are dropping and academic performance is declining. Students’ imputes must be collected in order to identify both positive and bad learning experiences. It’s possible that students won’t learn what the teacher meant them to. Moreover, educators are human, and they might not always impart knowledge accurately. This implies that in educational settings, pupils might pick up the wrong information from their teachers or the right information from them.
This study will help curriculum designers improve their educational ideas, contents, methods, and organization as it relates to nursing education. Additionally, the higher education and nursing and midwifery council of Nigeria will benefit by understanding the underlying problems concerning nursing education in this region and then proposing potential solutions. The study’s outcome aims to give policy makers in nursing education flexibility of opinion in choosing policies, implementation, reformation, adoption, and application of policies.
1.6 Scope of the Study
This work is all about investigating the factors influencing academic performance of student nurses and midwives in college of nursing science, Sokoto. It is intended to elicit replies from staff, tutors, clinical instructors, and students at the College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences in Sokoto on the factors influencing academic performance of student nurses and midwives at the College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences in Sokoto. The variables to be investigated include: the learning environment, teaching methodologies, language barriers, students’ attitudes toward learning, teachers’ attitudes toward teaching, academic and clinical assistance, and so on. The study will be conducted at the College of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences in Sokoto, with nursing students serving as the sample. In addition, the pilot study will be conducted at UDUTH’s School of Nursing and the findings will be compared.
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