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| Format: Ms Word | 1-5 Chapters | Table of Content|


Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE

Amount: ₦3,000.00

Account Details


1.1        Background of the study

1.2        Statement of problem

1.3        Objective of the study

1.4        Research Hypotheses

1.5        Significance of the study

1.6        Scope and limitation of the study

1.7       Definition of terms

1.8       Organization of the study





3.0        Research methodology

3.1    sources of data collection

3.3        Population of the study

3.4        Sampling and sampling distribution

3.5        Validation of research instrument

3.6        Method of data analysis



4.1 Introductions

4.2 Data analysis


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendation





The primary concern here is to identify to what extent good accounting system in the Public Sector can ensure Financial Control and Accountability in the Public sector Financial or is a critical factor in management and therefore must be prudently handled and accounted for if the public sector is to realize its goals and objectives.  It is on this account that this research work has been undertaken to try and unravel the reasons why government ministries and department most times finds it difficult to control and properly account for finances available to them. Subsequently, a number of reasons have been deduced as being responsible for poor financial control and accountability. They include; Poor implementation of financial regulations, lack of effective internal control system, inadequate reward system and sharp practices by public servants.







  • Background of the study

Government activities nowadays have largely increase. The increase in government functions and activities come as a result of the complex nature of the modern society. For government to live up to its responsibility, care must be taken in the management of scare resources available to achieve these laudable goals. Other than maintenance  of law and orders, peace and stability, government is also involved in providing social services such as provision of good roads, transport, portable drinking water, power and energy  etc. All these services need money (finance). It is also the duty of government to generate revenue for the achievement of its set goals and objectives- creating social welfare and harmony in the society. Finance is a critical resource in the chain of production and therefore must be prudently used to achieve results. It is on this premise that financial control and accountability in public sector becomes imperative. This research work attempts to discover the reason(s) behind poor performance by government in relation to financial control and accountability in the public sector. Government agencies or the public sector is very heterogeneous in nature and so the nature of financial control is completely different from that of the private sectors in so many ways.  At one end we have government owned  companies that must be operated like private business, in the middle, our parastatal, that are somewhat amorphous, often having conflicting goals to achieve and then the government machinery itself which is a services outfit, (Azubuike and Njemanze 2006, 15)

 Consequently upon the heterogeneous nature of the public sector, the financial regulations guiding the activities or financial transaction in public sector is contained in the law setting it up. Some of such financial statutory regulations are:

  1. Finance (Control and Management) Act 1958
  2. The Nigerian Constitution
  3. Financial Memorandum
  4. Financial Regulation
  5. Gazette
  6. Treasury and circular Letter
  7. Accounting manual.

These  regulatory framework of public sector accounting mentioned above are applied in varied ways depending on the mode of operation of the government agencies or ministry.

Amara (2009) sums up the benefit of financial control and accountability in the public sector as follows:

–     It justifies the estimates of public sector.

–     It ensures and superintends the use of appropriated funds

–     It is device for timing the rate of expenditure and auditing of accounts

In the same vein, Johnson (1999) also list a number of importance associated with financial control and accountability to include the following.

  1. That it provides the broad and specific accounting system adopted in recording financial transactions.
  2.  Ensure that transactions remain within the framework of law and further reduces the risk of fraud
  3. It provides the basis for financial management and control

The Abia state Ministry of finance is one of the parent ministries in the Abia State Government. The state governor is the chief accounting officer of the state. He is the executive head of government and head of the executive council of the executive arm of government. As the minister of finance is the chief accounting officer in the federal ministry, the commissioner is also the chief accounting officer in Abia State finance Ministry outside the permanent secretary. The ministry has other departments and units, some of which include Auditing department, board of internal revenue, statistics and record, accounts unit, budget and logistics among others. The ministry of finance is in charge of rendering   accounts and controlling all financial transactions. The ministry through the accountant-general of the state is saddled with responsibility of general supervision of all the accounts of the different ministries and departments within the state, and prepares the annual financial statement of account of the state as required by the ministry.

The finance Ministry is vested with the statutory responsibility of auditing the state accounts as provided by the financial regulations. The Auditor –general is empowered by law to audit the account of all accounting officers and all persons entrusted with the collection, custody, receipts, issues or payment of public funds, (Adams 2001). Ministry of finance in the Abia State government is populated with one hundred employees who make up workforce of the ministry. These   are the people who are responsible for ensuring compliance with the laid down procedure for financial transactions as contained in the financial regulations and legal books


Nigerian Public Sector is plagued with a number of problems. These problems hinder it from discharging its duties and responsibilities effectively and efficiently for the betterment of the people. One of such problem is that of financial control and accountability. Financial control and accountability becomes a problem when there is no strict measure to ensure compliance with the laid down regulations guiding financial transaction and accountability in public sector. In other words, the lack of justification of estimate, superintending the use of appropriated funds and timing the rate of expenditure and auditing of account constitute the problems which triggers this investigation

In addition to the above mentioned problems, other problematic areas in the public sector finance include:

  • Fraudulent practices by public officer and agencies.
  • Maintaining and operating proper accounting system as required by law.
  • Inadequate internal system in each unit.
  • Problem of poor coordination

Within the ambit of this research topic, “Financial control and accountability in Public Sector”, the objective of study is not farfetched. The objectives of the study can be summarized in these ways:

(a). To determine ways of checking fraud.

(b). To ascertain to what extent compliance with financial regulations can help government in achieving set goals and objectives.

(c) To establish standard and appropriate financial system for recording and extracting financial information.


The following have been put forward for testing

H0:  Fraudulent practices by public servants are not a hindrance to achievement of public sector goals and objectives.

H1:  Fraudulent practices by public servants are a hindrance to achievement of public sector goals and objectives.

 H0:   Internal control system does not contribute to financial control and management.

H1:   Internal control system contributes to financial control and management.


This research work will be of immense benefit to those in the top management cadre in the government ministries and parastatals and to the general public. For top management, the information gained from this work will help them streamline their financial regulation and assist in fraud detection. Secondly, young researchers will also find the result of this, work a very useful resources material for work. This is so because the information have given them the basic knowledge needed to pursue their work  to a logical conclusion. On a more general note, the research will also add to the existing body of knowledge in the subject matter. Conclusively, this work will as a matter of fact help public organizations know whether or not they have appropriate control mechanism in terms of recourse management and fraud detection.



The research work is aimed at examining the effect of financial control and accountability in the public sector. On this account, a case study of Abia State Ministry of Finance is chosen. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.



According to Aguwa (2005), the primary goal of operational definition is to remove ambiguity wherever it is likely to occur in the research work. Therefore where there is no likelihood of ambiguity, it becomes unnecessary  to define terms. The technical or ambiguous terms used  in this work  are  the only ones being defined.

MANAGEMENT: For the purpose of this research, management means or connotes ‘the condition of being prudent in the use of scarce resources.

ACCOUNTABILITY: Accountability in this research work is considered as the quality of being answerable to one’s action or conduct.

CONTROL: Control means ensuring that the functions of the different unit and agents in the public sector do not work at cross purposes but in rhythm to ensure achievement of corporate goals.

INTERNAL CONTROL: Auditing guideline defines internal control as “the whole system of controls, financial and otherwise established by management in order to carry out government business”

GOVERNMENT FINANCES: Government finance refers to the wide range of activities undertaken by government in financial and economic matters (The new Encyclopedia Britannica 1988).

ETHICS:  Ethics simply put refers to what is ‘right’, just  and what ‘just’  in the decisions and actions that  affects  other people as a financial or accounting officer or manager in the public sector.


This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study



Account Number: 0709546102

Access Bank: Savings
Account Name: Emmanuel Idorenyin Samuel.