1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
This study is on impact of electronic banking on customer satisfaction. The total population for the study is 200 staff of the GTB Edo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made are human resource managers, accountants, customer care managers and marketers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
- Background of the study
The rapid changes in business operations in contemporary times in the form of technological improvement require banks in Nigeria to serve their customers electronically. Traditionally, banks have been in the forefront of harnessing technology to improve their products and services. The banking industry and its environment in the 21st century is highly complex and competitive and therefore the need for information and communication technology to take centre stage in the operations of banks (Stevens, 2002). Electronic banking is critical in the transformation drive of banks in areas such as products and services and how they are delivered to customers. Thus, it is seen as a valuable and powerful tool in the development, growth, promotion of innovation and enhancing competitiveness of banks (Gupta, 2008; Kamel, 2005). Given the significant role of electronic banking in the developmental drive of banks, information technology has been found to lead to improvement in business efficiency and service quality and hence attract customers as well as retain them (Kannabiran & Narayan, 2005) According to Chang, (2003), Electronic banking contributes significantly to the distribution channels of banks such as automated teller machine (ATM), Phone –banking, Tele-banking, PC-banking and now internet banking (Chang, 2003). In addition, transfer of funds, viewing and checking savings account balances, paying mortgages, paying bills and purchasing financial instruments and certificates of deposits processes have improved significantly as a result of internet banking (Mohammed et al., 2009). This implies that, Electronic banking has resulted in efficiency in service delivery in the banking sector because customers can transact business from one side of the country to another and from both long and short distance. Other scholars argued that, electronic banking has transformed traditional banking practices to the extent that it has been found to create a paradigm shift in marketing practices resulting in positive performance in the banking sector (Gonzalez, 2008; Maholtra & Singh, 2007). This shows that the delivery of efficient and quality service is facilitated by information technology. Similarly, Christopher et al. (2006) indicated that electronic banking provides an important channel to sell products and services of banks and is perceived to be a necessity for banks to be successful. Therefore, service quality and efficiency in the banking industry has increased tremendously worldwide in the world due to the integration of information technology into banking operation. The present study seeks to investigate the extent to which the electronic banking concept has impacted on customer satisfaction in Commercial Banks
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
All banks compete with each other to attract their customers in different ways through providing convenient, accessible and acceptable services or/and products to their customers. One of the most important of these services is the electronic services that have contributed significantly to increase the distance between costumers and the bank (Almazari and Siam, 2008). E-banking was adopted by banks so as to improve their service delivery, decongest queues in the banking hall, enable customers withdraw cash 24/7, aid international payment and remittance, track personal banking transaction, request for online statement, or even transfer deposit to a third party account. Despite the effort of banks to ensure that customers reap the benefits of e-banking, the bank is met with complaints from customers as regards, malfunctioning Automated Teller Machines (ATMs), network downtime, online theft and fraud, non availability of financial service, payment of hidden cost of electronic banking like Short Message Services (SMS), for sending alert, mandatory acquisition of ATM cards, non acceptability of Nigerian cards for international transaction amongst others. This study is aimed at finding out the reason why these problems occur and in most cases persist, and then to make recommendations based on the outcome of the study.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The general purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of electronic banking on customer satisfaction in Guarantee Trust bank plc. However, the study specifically seeks to:
- Identify the Electronic banking services offered by GTB and its usage by customers
- To determine the impact of electronic- banking services on Customer Value.
- Examine the impact of electronic banking on service delivery;
- Identify customers‟ level of satisfaction with service delivery given the introduction of electronic banking services.
- Identify the benefits to customers for using e- banking services.
- Identify the challenges facing effective implementation of electronic banking system in Nigeria
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: Electronic banking products and services have not significantly improved customers satisfaction
H1: Electronic banking products and services have significantly improved customers satisfaction
H02: there is no impact of electronic- banking services on Customer Value.
H2: there is impact of electronic- banking services on Customer Value.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The introduction of electronic into the banking industry has affected service delivery in the service industry. Many banks are shifting gradually from the traditional way of banking and are gradually introducing electronic technologies into their service delivery. The outcome of this study will be of immense benefit to the management of GTB Bank Nigeria Plc, since it will help identify most of the challenges faced by the banks as well as the complains table by the customers. Solutions will then be proffered on theses identified challenges. This will go a long way to help the bank achieve its stated objectives, and in the long run increase shareholder’s wealth. Furthermore, the study would enable banks executives and indeed the policy makers of the banks and financial institutions to be aware of electronic banking system as a product of electronic commerce with a view to making strategic decisions.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers impact of electronic banking on customer satisfaction. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
- c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Electronic banking: The definition of e-banking varies amongst researches partially because electronic banking refers to several types of services through which a bank’s customers can request information and carry out most retail banking services via computer, television or mobile phone (Lustsik, 2004).
Electronic banking can be defined as the provision of information or services by a bank to its customers, describes it as an electronic connection between bank and customer in order to prepare, manage and control financial transactions (Karjaluoto, 2002).
CUSTOMER SATISFACTION: Customer satisfaction (often abbreviated as CSAT, more correctly CSat) is a term frequently used in marketing. It is a measure of how products and services supplied by a company meet or surpass customer expectation.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.