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  TABLE OF CONTENTS        
COVER PAGE I
TITLE PAGE II
DECLARATION………… III
CERTIFICATION   IV
DEDICATION   V
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT VI
ABSTRACT …   VIII
TABLE OF CONTENTS X
LIST OF APPENDICES XIII
LIST OF TABLES   …   XIV
ABBREVIATIONS   …  XVI
OPERATIONAL DEFINATION OF TERMS …  XVII

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION        
1.1 Background to the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem   4
1.3 Objectives of the study 6
1.4 Research questions 7
1.5 Research Hypotheses … 7
1.6 Basic Assumptions    … 8
1.7 Significance of the study 9
1.8 Scope of the study 10
      x.          

 

CHAPTER TWO:   REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE    
2.0.1 Introduction   11
2.0.2 The Christian Concept of Music 11
2.0.3 The Concept of Secular Music 12
2.0.4 The Christian Concept of Morality ….. 13
2.0.5. Historical Origin of Church Music   15
2..0.5.1 Religious Music 18
2.0.5.2 Music in the Bible 19
2.0.5.3 Early Church Music (Apostolic Age) … 20
2.0.5.4 Music in the Medieval Period (12th – 16th Century)  … 24
2.0.5.5 Music and Liturgy   26
2.0.5.6 Types of Music at Liturgy Celebrations 28
2.0.5.7 Liturgical Music and Instruments 31
2.0.5.8 The Popularity of Secular Music among Roman Christian Youths 33
2.0.5.9 Lyrics in Secular Music 34
2.0.5.10 Dancing Styles of Secular Music 35
2.0.5.11 Dressing patterns of Secular Musicians…  … 36
2.0.5.12 Secular Musical Genres seen in Church Today 38
2.0.5.13 Makossa   38
2.0.5.14 Rock and Roll and Jazz ….. 40
2.0.5.15 Reggae     41
2.0.5.16 Jazz 41
2.0.6 Problems with Moral Behaviour 42
2.0.7 Attempts to deal with personal immorality 44
            xi.          

 

2.0.8 Basis of Roman Catholic Moral Teachings 46
2.0.9 Secular Music and the Moral life of the Roman Catholic Youths 47
2.0.10 Other views on secular music and the moral life of the Roman    
  Catholic Youths 49
2.0.11 The Factors responsible for the infiltration of Secular music into    
  Roman Catholic Church in Delta State 52
2.0.12 Empirical Studies 60
2.0.13 Summary 67
CHAPTER THREE:   RESEARCH METHODOLOGY    
3.0.1 Introduction 68
3.0.2 Research Design 68
3.0.3 Population 69
3.0.4.1 Sample and Sampling Procedures. 70
3.0.4.2 Sampling of Parishes in Delta State.… 71
3.0.4.3 Sample and Sampling of Respondents for the Study … …. 72
3.0.5 Instrumentations   72
3.0.6 Validity of the Instruments   … 76
3.0.7 Pilot study…   76
3.0.8 Reliability of the Instruments … 77
3.0.9 Administration of the Instruments 78
3.10 Method of Data Analysis   78

 

 

 

 

 

 

xii.

 

CHAPTER FOUR:RESULTS AND DISCUSSION OF      
  FINDINGS            
4.1 Introduction   79
4.2 Demographic Characteristics of the Respondents 80
4.3 Testing of Research Hypotheses 102
4.4 Summary of Findings 107
4.5 Discussion on Findings   108

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND      
    RECOMMENDATIONS          
5.1 Introduction 115
5.2 Summary …   116
5.3 Conclusions 117
5.4 Recommendations… …  118
5.5 Recommendation for further study …  120
5.6 Contribution to knowledge   …  120
  REFERENCES   …  122
      APPENDICES        
  Appendix I – Questionnaire… 131
  Appendices II – Interview Schedule …   138
  Appendices III – Interview Responses …   141
  Appendices IV – Ancient Liturgical Instruments and Music      
    Performers  … …   156

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

xiii.

 

      LIST OF TABLES        
Table 1. Selected Dioceses and Parishes from the Population …   69
Table 2. Sampling of Selected Parishes from the population …  71
Table 3. Classification of respondents by their sex …   80
Table 4. Classification of respondents by their age ranges… 80
Table 5. Classification of respondents by their age group …  … 81
Table 6. Classification of respondents by their religious ranking …  …   81
Table 7. Factors responsible for the infiltration of secular music    
  into the church. …   82
Table 8. Responses of youths and adults respondents on the      
  Impact of secular music on moral life of Roman      
  Catholic Church …   86
Table 9. Opinions of male and female Catholic respondents on    
  the effect of secular music in Roman Catholic Church … …   90
Table 10. Opinion of male and female Catholic respondents on    
  the impact of lyrics, dance and dressing pattern of      
  secular musicians on moral life of Roman Catholic youth’s … 94
Table 11. Responses of youths and adults on how to assist the      
  Roman Catholic youth to the music of true worship of God …  98
Table 12. Two sample t – test statistics on the mean scores of      
  clergy and members of Roman Catholic Church in their    
  opinion concerning the factors responsible for the      
  Infiltration of secular music in the church … 102
Table 13. Two sample t – test statistics on the mean scores      
  of adults and youths of the Roman Catholic church in their  
  opinion concerning the impact of secular music on      
  moral life .. 103

 

 

 

 

 

xiv.

 

Table 14. Two sample t – test statistics on the mean scores    
  of male and female youths of the Roman Catholic church in their
  opinion concerning the effect of secular music    
  in the church.  … .. … 104
Table 15. Two sample t – test statistics on the mean scores    
  of male and female members of the Roman Catholic Church
  in their opinion concerning the impact of secular music  
  lyrics, dance and dressing pattern of secular musicians  
  on moral life of Roman Catholic Church …105

 

Table 16.            Two sample t-test statistics in the mean scores of

 

youths and adults members of Roman Catholics church in their opinion concerning how to assist the Roman Catholic youth to

 

the music of true worship of God … … … … 106 of God.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

xv.

 

    ABBREVIATIONS
C.R.C.C. Catechism of Roman Catholic Church
U.S.A. United States of America
O.C.D. Official Roman Catholic Directory (2012 – 2015)
R.C.M. Roman Christian Music

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

xvi.

 

OPERATIONAL DEFINATION OF TERMS.

 

Secular –            Profane, temporal, worldly. Secular music; Secular means being separate from (not associated or concerned with) religion.

 

Music –               It is combination of tunes that are very pleasant to the listeners, which at times involves motor movement and can lead to dancing.

 

Morality –         A code of acceptable standards of behaviour among persons by which acts or intentions are said to be good or bad, worthy or unworthy (Esthon 2004).

 

Liturgy –           It is the prescribed form of service of a Church.

 

Liturgical Music – Liturgical music is the officially accepted kind of music used primarily for liturgical celebration expressing the efficacy of sacred text. It is purely vocal music, often with accompaniments of the organ and some other instruments.

 

Lyrics                 – They are set of words that make up a song; they usually consist of verses and choruses.

 

Dancing –          Is a systematic motor body movement that sometimes involve clapping

 

of hands, tapping of feet on the ground or nodding of head. Dressing – Dressing generally means the acceptable way of covering oneself

 

without exposing vital parts of the human body.

 

Makossa –         Originated from type of Daola dance called Kossa in Congo. It began in 1960s; its main thrust is to activate sexual feeling.

 

Reggae –            Reggae music is from Jamaica. The music is identified with Rastafarian life style.

 

 

 

xvii.

 

 

Rock & Roll – Arose in America in 1950s; it is a mixture of two musical traditions, Jazz and Negro blues. It is noisy and lustful.

 

Kwukere –       Traditional music and dance style of Ibibios and Ijaws in Nigeria.

 

Azonto –            This music and dance is from Ghana, mostly used by the communities during social or societal gatherings.

 

Alanta –             Efik dance styles from Calabar usually used during celebration by the communities.

 

 

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