INFLUENCE OF BILLBOARD ADVERTISING ON THE PATRONAGE OF PEPSI COLA
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1.1 Background of Study
Billboards have been used as an advertising medium for more than a century and are still used today, even since Jared Bell presented large cirus posters to the public in the public in the mid- 1800s, billboard advertising remains as a top medium for brand outreach.
Billboard are the largest and among the most impactful standard size out of home advertising media format.
Looking at how advertising has progressed, roadside advertising has remained relevant since land transportations existence. Companies like pepsi cola and Palmolive started using roadside publicity nations widely recognized. Over the course of time, billboards remain as a top medium in the advertising world because of their power-compared to other popular marketing practices, their complex strategies considered prior or creation, and their successful design, and execution elements unlike television and radio advertisements, billboard cannot be turned off or skipped. Iveson (2011) pointed out how “It has become the only mass medium capable of reaching consumers as they go about their everyday lives” consumers spend a great amount of time each week in the car, and billboards are the free way or alongside the main road. Williams (2009) noted in his study how billboards are ultimately the last method of communication consumer’s fathom before taking action. It is likely for consumers to see the same billboard more than once a day in various locations.
Brands with national campaigns often have multiple billboards in the same city because it is within their target market. In comparison with other print advertising like newspaper and magazines, billboard can be geographically targeted to a precise location. For example, of cola company is advertising a refreshing brand. The billboard may display the pictured of the chilled product on the highway and hawkers/retailers can easily sell these products on the highway for drivers and passengers.
To have the ultimate turn- over rate, it is best to couple billboard advertising with other form(s). Using out of home billboards in combination with other media improves the decay rate, or time it takes for a person to forget a campaign’s advertising message, (Iveson, 2011). Imagine a consumer watched TV while eating breakfast the other morning and a coca-cola commercial came on featuring their new five Alive orange. When they drove to work that day a billboard for the same five Alive Orange displayed along the freeway. This method allowed the consumer to remember the last time they saw the advertisement, and associate it with the most recent time.
If the five Alive Orange is associated well with the consumer, they were more likely to go to a store in the near future because they saw the advertisement has focused on the influence of billboards in marketing products. The proposed study is motivated by the need to fill this gap in knowledge.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Billboard advertising is costly! Often its effects are uncertain, and sometimes it takes a while before it makes any impact on consumers choice. It is for these reasons that many companies think it appropriate, occasionally to reduce expenditures on billboard advertising or to entirely eliminate it.
On the other hand, some companies sometimes consider it unnecessary to use billboard advertising when their brands are already enjoying great success without advertisement such behavior implicitly fails to consider the fact that advertising is not just a current expense or mere exercise but an investment. This study therefore attempts to ascertain whether the use of billboard in advertising pepsi cola in Abak L.G.A is a strength or weakness.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study are as follows:
- To find out whether the people of Abak Local Government Area are exposed to billboard advertising of Pepsi Cola.
- To examine the influence of billboard advertising on patronage of Pepsi Cola in Abak Local Government Area.
- To examine what motivate the interest of Abak people to patronize in Pepsi Cola.
- To ascertain the extent billboard advertising contributes to the patronage of Pepsi Cola in Abak Local Government Area.
1.4 Research Question
The research Questions of this study include:
- are the people of Abak Local Government Area expose to billboard advertising of Pepsi Cola?
- what are the influence of billboard advertising on the patronage of Pepsi Cola in Abak Local Government Area?
- what motivates the interest of Abak people to choose Pepsi Cola
- to what extent does billboard advertising contribute to the choice of Pepsi Cola product in Abak Local Government Area?
1.5 Significance of the Study
The following are the significance of this study.
This work will provide a basis for further research work to scholars. To further achieve this, relevant and authentic references have been cited.
This work will increase the knowledge of media planners in advertising the results from this study will educate business managers on the effect of billboard advertising on the patronage. It will also educate on the features of billboard that will enhance consumer patronage.
This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the assessment of billboard advertising on the patronage of pepsi cola thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area.
1.6 Scope of the Study
This study was carried out in Abak Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State. The study is limited to the consumers of Pepsi Cola in Abak, and at the end conclusive reports were drawn for the success of the work.
1.7 Limitations of the Study
In the course of this work the researcher has a lot of constraint. Most of the respondents refrained from giving useful information to aid this study.
Some respondents returned the questionnaire without filling while most who had started filling, stopped halfway which invalidated some copies.
The researcher could not find most of the respondents that the questionnaire was administered to.
Nevertheless the researcher employed palliative measure: such as persuading the respondent to get the derived result.
1.8 Definition of Key Concepts
The following terms are defined to aid easy understanding of the work;
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