The influence of strike action on employee’s performance and productivity. Strike generally could be defined as the refusal to work by employees of an establishment to protest from certain inadequacies in their conditions of service. Strike is a work stoppage caused by mass refusal of employee to work. To solve this research problem, the workers should be given their pride of place and be put in the “hall of fames” because the workers are the light house of the world who should be given their salaries promptly, given them incentives, make sure they are satisfied job-wise so as to be more dedicated thereby producing good giants who will uplift the tone of the nation within and outside the nation. The society itself could solve this contemporary problem of strikes, the financial gain is not coming in thousand; frustration is being meted to the workers from the citizenry. The instrument used for data collection is the questionnaire and interview. The instrument for data analysis is Chi-square method of testing of hypothesis and simple percentages of analyzing the tables.
1.1 Background of the study
Strike generally could be defined as the refusal to work by employees of an establishment to protest for certain inadequacies in their conditions of service. Strike is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. Strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. In most countries, they were quickly made illegal as factory owners hand political power than workers. Most Western countries partially legalized striking in the 19th or near 20th centuries.
Strikes are sometimes used to put pressure on government to change policies. It will also be noted that strike is not peculiar to universities alone but to other organizations or pressure groups such as:
- Nigeria labour Congress (NLC)
- Nigeria Bar Association (NBA)
- Nigeria Union of Journalist (NUJ)
- Nigeria Medical Association (NMA)
Higher Institutions that are liable to embark on strike actions include:-
- The Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUNU)
- The National Association of Nigeria Students (NANS)
- The Academic Staff Union of Polytechnics (ASUP)
- The Academic Staff Union of College of Education etc
When strike occurs in an organization, workers suffer most and in this way, the Nigeria working system has been thoroughly destroyed. There is no way to remedy this situation apart from the individual employees concerned to stand up and demand for their right. Although, strike may create temporary difficulties for workers in the sense that it will stop their work and without their work, they won`t earn a living. This situation of our country Nigeria will not be fully developed because they will be back of or less production because of the strike action management has not put its priorities right. it is in protest of these misplaced priorities and inadequacies that these management and Nigeria union of worker. ie the Nigeria labour congress (NLC).
In most cases, the employers and the employees would have explored all avenues for dialogue and strike becomes the last option for the settlement of disputes.
Before the introduction of strike among Nigeria worker in the years 1963 by PA Imodu, the authorities have always worked in peace and harmony with their privilege to work as an employee in any organization because they always had great expectations both the senior and the junior staff worked happily together as members of the same community and guided by a sense of mission to promote and preserve their working performance.
Today, the issue of strike in our country has been so rampant that the government will have to do something urgently so as not to Jeopardize the interest of the employees on how to improve their performance and productivity in their place of work. But before the emergence of union, there had been spontaneous strike and protests against poor conditions of work in several African countries.
In the strike that took place in sierra-leane in 1874. In Senegal, rail road workers had frequently engaged in sporadic strikes against the dehumanizing conditions of work.
In practice, however, it has been difficult to separate strike from other forms of expression of industrial dispute as employers lock out workers and workers them-selves embank on strike action. it is or useful to view both phenomena as part and parcel of the conflict situation, not as opposite. rarely does a strike occur over a single issue for an obvious cause may be linked with several others issues that are not immediately apparent to the observation that have caused dis-satisfaction because solutions to them have been long in coming. The actual occurrence of a strike depends on several factors including prevailing circumstance. This also goes to show that few strikes occur spontaneously especially as there is no way of guaranteeing that a strike action instead of other forms of strike action would be decided upon by worker involved.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The Influence of strike action on employee`s performance and productivity poses serious problems both on management and lecturer and those problems sought to be solved by the end of this research study and they include, the causes of strike action, how workers performance and productivity could be increased, ways in which strike actions could be eradicated and dose strike action demoralize workers or motivate them.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The issue of strike by organization has been so rampant that the government will have to do something urgently about this situation, so as not Jeopardize the existence of the organization.
Therefore, the objective of this study includes:-
- To find out whether strike influence the employee performance in an organization.
- To find out whether delay in payment employees’ salaries is the major cause of strike in an organization.
- To find out how government reach towards the cause of strike in an organization.
- To find out how the organization, employers and employees respond either positively or negatively to strikes.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
- There is significant influence of strike action on employee performance Productivity and in the University of Nigeria, Nsukka
- Strike action erupts as a result of delay in payment of workers’ salaries and other entitlement.
- There is significant Influence of strike action on the reactions of government.
1.5 REASEARCH QUESTIONS
This research questions is based on the influence of strike action on employee’s performance and productivity.
- To what extent dose strike action influence employee performance and productivity in an organization.
- To what extend does delay on the payment of workers’ salaries cause strike in an organization.
- To what extend does the management employer and employee respond to strike action.
- To what extend does the government respond to the demands strike actions
- What is the practical solution to the problem of strikes in the University of Nigeria Nsukka?
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This empirical study will be important to be researcher since it is a partial requirement for the award of Bachelor of Science in Industrial Relations and personnel Management. Also this research work will be the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. it will also be beneficial to other universities within Nigeria and potential and future researchers on the issue of strike action in employee`s productivity and performance.
The study will identify how to make management have a re-think or reconsider their plea. How strike action is carried out so as to increase the welfare or pay of workers and how employed embark on strike so as to gain grounds in the organization.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study focuses on the influence of strike action on employee’s performance and productivity, the cause of strike action and the necessary measure to reduce or avoid strike action. In this scope we will be able to search and find out how the strike action affect the performance and productively of workers in university of Nigeria Nsukka.
The research was also limited by time and financial constraints, as the researcher also affected by restriction of movement by the institution authority. The researcher did not also make use of so many books that are meant to be the library because there are no enough books related to any topic in the library.
1.8 Organization of the Study
The study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one deals with the study’s introduction and gives a background to the study. Chapter two reviews related and relevant literature. The chapter three gives the research methodology while the chapter four gives the study’s analysis and interpretation of data. The study concludes with chapter five which deals on the summary, conclusion and recommendation.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
STRIKE: An organized refusal to work by employees of a company.
INFLUENCE: The power to produce effects, especially Indirectly or through an intermediary, the condition of being affected power to change a person`s way of life.
JOB SATISFACTION: Remuneration is a reward. It is better payment and fringe benefits. The chief characteristics of workers were that economic self-interest. Michael white (1980) discovered that remuneration (money) is a good and an incentive. Remuneration is a source of satisfaction, is a standard companion. So remuneration is a source of material goods stimulus to greater production.
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