INTERNET RESOURCES AND STUDENT UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION SERVICES IN FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESOURCE CENTRE
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TABLE OF CONTENT
Declaration- – – – – – – – – ii
Certification- – – – – – – – – iii
Dedication- – – – – – – – – – iv
Acknowledgment- – – – – – – – – v
Table of contents – – – – – – – – – vi
List of table- – – – – – – – – vii
Abstract- – — – – – – – – – viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem – – – – – – 5
1.3 Objectives of the Study – – – – – – 6
1.4 Research Questions – – – – – – – 7
1.5 Hypotheses – – – – – – – – 8
1.6 Significance of the Study – – – – – – 8
1.7 Scope of the Study – – – – – – – 9
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Theoretical Framework – – – – – – 10
2.2 Conceptual Framework – – – – – – 12
2.2.1 Electronic Book (E-Book) and Students Utilization of
Information Services – – – – – – 14
2.2.2 Databases and students Utilization of
Information Services- – – – – – – 15
2.2.3 Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and Students Utilization of Information Services – – – – – – – 17
2.3 Empirical Review of Previous Studies- – – – 18
2.4 Summary of Literature Review – – – – – 21
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS
3.1 Research Design- – – – – – – – 22
3.2 Area of the Study – – – – – – – 23
3.3 Population of the Study – – – – – – 24
3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique – – – – 24
3.5 Instrument for Data Collection – – – – – 24
3.6 Validation and reliability of the Instrument – – – 25
3.7 Procedure for Data Collection – – – – – 25
3.8 Method of Data Analysis – – – – – 25
CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
4.1 Answering of Research Questions – – – – 26
4.2 Hypotheses Testing- – – – – – – 29
4.3 Discussion of Finding- – – – – – – 32
4.1.1 Research Question One- – – – – – – 26
4.1.2 Research Questions Two- – – – – – 27
4.1.3 Research Questions Three – – – – – 28
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
- Summary of Findings- – – – – – – 35
- Conclusion – – – – – – – 37
- Recommendations- – – – – – 37
References – – – – – – – 39
Appendix – – – – – – – 43
The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between internet resources and utilization of information services resources in the faculty of social science resources centre University of Uyo, Uyo. The population of the study consist of seven thousand five hundred and twenty (7520) students, simple random sampling technique was use to select six hundred and thirty five (635) students who had registered for the 2016/2017 academic session. Four research question, four objectives of the study and four hypotheses were formulated to guide in the study. The concept of internet resources by various scholars were reviewed and variables examine in this research include Electronic books, CD-ROM, Online Public Access catalogue (OPAC), Database and students utilization of information resources services, the theoretical framework that guided in the study is the Drive reduction theory propounded by Hull in 1884 and propounded by Neelameghan (1981) and Itoga (1992) survey research design was adopted in the study and a structured questionnaire title “Internet Resources and Student Utilization of Information Resources Question” (IRSUOIRQ) was used in collecting data while means and standard deviation of data analysis was used in testing the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significant. From the result of the finding, it was observed that internet resources significantly influence Student’s Utilization of information services resources in the Faculty of Social Science resource centre University of Uyo.
1.1 Background to the Study
The evolvement of internet has brought about the emergence of an enhanced society, through auto-aided human capacity or what described as informationalism, “a technological paradigm based on the argumentation of the human capacity of information processing and communication made possible by the evolutions in microelectronics, software and generic engineering. Computers and digital communications, especially the internet, are the most direct expression of this revolution”.
Internet is one of the twenty-first century world’s greatest technological revolutions which provide a wide range of possibilities in the new world where information has become an essential commodity. Through it’s numerous and vast electronic resources, it create opportunities for to individuals, groups, organizations and institutions to access and retrieve information easily. The internet can therefore be described as one of the most versatile technologies in human history because information about virtually all aspects of human endeavours can be retrieved from it. Before the internet revolution in the 1990’s, libraries all over the world depend mostly on print materials as a means of storage, retrieval and dissemination. Today, digital library as against the traditional library has become more relevant to the contemporary society because of its numerous resources and flexibility through the internet technology.
According to Ani and Edem (2012), internet in the 1980s, there began a global revolution and innovation in librarianship and information profession as a result of electronic publishing, which gave rise to electronic books, journals and online databases. The emergence of electronic books and journals (e-books/e-journals) and online databases brought about a change in library collection development to electronic collection development which has led to subscription to library resources in electronic forms, commonly referred to as electronic information resources. Lawal and Ani (2008), Ani and Ahiazu (2008) posits that the phenomena of library computerization, digitalization and subscription to electronic resources has led to the evolution and development of virtual libraries in Nigerian universities in line with global librarianship.
The resources of digital library are situated in the space and are available to multiple users operating and accessing from different locations both synchronously and asynchronously. Electronic resources are information carrier tools that the libraries keep and they provide access to online information that can be accessed in electronic formats. Electronic resources involve “the use of digital library device by which every operation is done electronically with the aid of computers”. (Lancaster 2012). These information resources can be viewed electronically with the help of electricity. It comprises of the hardware and software equipments that enable Faculty of Social Science Resource Centre University of Uyo to provide adequate library services to the users.
The electronic resources which help to facilitate library services in Faculty of Social Science Resource Center University of Uyo includes the Compact- Disc Read Only Memory (CD-ROM), electronic-books, databases, Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC). The University of Campus Library provides different library services such as the reference services through electronic resources to its users which are made up of students, lecturers and other staff of the community.
Electronic Books (e-books) are “electronic resources of book length publications in digital forms, consisting of text, images or both readable resources” (Madu, 2005). It is an electronic version of a traditionally printed document that can be read by using a computer or e-book reader. It is a software application for use on Microsoft free reader application. E-book could also be explained as a digital version of a traditional printed book designed to be read on personal computer”. E-book is viewed as any type of e-content that is packaged as a discrete unit and can be used with e-book technology’’ (Amadi 2011). It is the digital equivalent and a medium where information is organized and structured so that it can be presented. E-book enables the library to disseminate printed information document or books to its users electronically. It expands over printed media by adding several specific features such as hyper text links, search and cross reference functions and multi-media which help users to access relevant information easily.
Bon (2007), states that the internet has found useful applications in online data repositories, library catalogues, journals, news services, students and financial administration systems, online supported or solely online conducted teaching as well as digital communication. The investigation of how the internet fits into the daily life of students at educational level is worthwhile when one considers the productive and pervasive communication tools on the internet.
Chan and Fu (2007) noted that internet searching helps university students to boost their intellectual development and job preparation due to the endless nature of information resources on the internet. Libraries are increasingly investing in provision of internet resources and services to enable their clients have better access to various internet resources.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Since the advent of internet, Nigeria has witnessed a high level of development in internet resources utilization in libraries and information centres with the traditional manual resources now faced with the challenges of having to cope with the available space in the library and at times neglected source. The use of internet resources was aimed at providing fast and organized access to information. However, it has been observed that students are moving from the traditional way of utilizing information to a more dynamic electronic based system.
This situation was attributed to some problems, some are of the opinion that the inability of the users to utilize internet information resources was as a result of lack of skills while others are of the opinion that the cost of getting internet facilities are not easily affordable. The question now is could the inability to utilize relevant internet information be as a result of lack of retrieval skills or could it be as a result of the high cost of obtaining internet facilities. If these challenges are effectively identified, then it is possible that there will be no problem in utilizing internet services.
This study was meant to critically examined internet resources and students utilization of information service in faculty of social science resource centre university of Uyo, Uyo.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
This study seeks to examine the various forms of internet resources provided by the faculty of Social Science Resources Centre University of Uyo, Uyo and their level of utilization. The specific objectives are as follows:
- To examine the relationship between influence of electronic books and students utilization of information services.
- To ascertain the relationship between database and students utilization of information services.
- To determine the relationship between Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and students utilization of information services.
- To examine the relationship between CD-ROM and student utilization of information services.
1.4 Research Questions
The following research questions were raised:
- What is the relationship between electronic book and student’s utilization of information services.
- What is the relationship between of database and students utilization of information service.
- What is the relationship between Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and student’s utilization of information service.
- What is the relationship between CD-Rom and student utilization of information service.
- There is no significant relationship between electronic book and student’s utilization of information services.
- There is no significant relationship between database and students utilization of information services.
- There is no significant relationship between Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and student’s utilization of information services.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The finding of this study internet resources and students utilization of information services in faculty of Social Science Resources Centre University of Uyo, Uyo would be of benefit to information experts, students, librarians, researchers and those who want to invest in internet services provision.
This research would enable information experts to know who is using the internet, how frequent do students use online platform in their search for information as well as factors that motivate student’s use of online resources in an information driven environment.
For the students, this research would provide them with information on the availability of various internet resources that could be access through the internet considering different access points in the library for their academic and research activities.
It would also equip the librarians with information on the most frequently access internet resources to enable the management make appropriate plans for an improved library services. And to2 those who want to invest on internet services provision, it would enable them gain a better understanding on the best approach to explore the potentials of internet in an information driven environment.
1.7 Scope of the Study
This study focused on faculty of Social Science Resource Centre University of Uyo, Uyo. It further examined various internet resources variables provided by the faculty of Social Science Resource Centre such as electronic book (e-book); database, Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and Compact Disc Read Only Memory (CD-ROM) as well as their level of utilization by the students.
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