LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR OF TECHNICAL SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND PRODUCTIVITY IN ABA URBAN
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This study is aimed at looking at leadership behaviour of secondary Technical school principals and productivity in Aba urban. To carry out this research, 4 technical school has been chosen in Aba Urban which constitute the study Area. The population consists of 50 teachers and students from each of the four selected schools summing it to 200 teachers. The questions will basically be directed to the teachers at the selected secondary technical schools because they have direct and daily contact with the principals and are in better position to make a near accurate judgment of the behavioural styles of their principals. At the end of the studies it is expected that findings will be made of the prevalent leadership behavourial style of the principals of the selected institutions on the staff and students productivity and also suggestions will be made concerning this based on the result of the findings.
- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Leadership is the behaviour of an individual when he is directing the activities of group towards a purpose leading involves living by example for the followers to follow.
Leadership behavior according to Hemphil and loons (1955) is defined as the behaviour of the formally group. Leading people implies follow- shipping depending on the needs of those being bed, their wishes desires and attitude can be directed towards organizational goal. A good leader inspires confidence in others when despair and shimber appears around the corner.
Leadership behaviour of principals in secondary schools are dispensable tool for effective administration and helps in the projection and promotion of learning in schools. Good leadership behaviour help school administrator to achieve their aim and objectives of education which one of it is to improve and increase human knowledge capability in doing things. To lead means to guide in a direction, course, action and the like. (corbalhy 1975).
A leader should seek to develop good leadership behaviour with his subordinate, to achieve this, he must first of all win genuine respect for his own leadership abilities and his leadership must be derived from functions, which is what is capable of doing and also what he does and not from status alone.
Technical schools, also called technical colleges or technical institutes, provide specialized training in a specific career field, trade or profession, including computer technology, business administration, culinary arts, electronics, medical assisting, legal assisting, automotive technology and cosmetology. Programs at technical colleges can take anywhere from less than two years up to four years to complete and typically award a certificate, diploma or associate’s degree. Associate degree options include an Associate of Arts (A.A.), an Associate of Science (A.S.) and an Associate of Applied Science (A.A.S.).
Unlike many community colleges and 4-year universities that require students to complete general education courses prior to delving into their major field of study, students attending technical colleges usually take courses related to their major during their first term. Technical colleges emphasize hands-on training and offer internship experience in a relevant work setting. Job placement services are also available to students.
Principals through their leadership behaviour should inspire confidence in the staff, students and other interest groups in the school setting. Since school is a social institution the leadership behaviour that should be adopted should be one that accommodates discipline within the working environment, promote productivity and finally instill hard work in the minds of those being let.
This study will try to find out the leadership behaviour of principals of school, the impact of these styles and recommendations be made based on the finding.
1.2. PROBLEM STATEMENT
Leadership behaviour or style is very important as it is one of the determinants of any organization progress or downfall. For any firm or group of people to be on the progressive side, the leaders should maintain a high degree of cooperation, motivation communication amongst its suborning.
In essence leadership behaviour of principal greatly affect the growth progress of teaching and learning in secondary school because it is the cornerstone of the school. Leader style pose as an obstacle or may act as a boost towards the performance of teachers and students’ in the field of learning. Invariably it can bring disharmony and disagreement between staffs and students, principals and staff etc.
It is pertinent to say that leadership behaviour of principals should be one that should bring harmony, peace, and agreement in the management of schools so as to promote a conducive atmosphere for learning and also a healthy environment for teachers or staffs with their principals which will in the long run help the students to better people in the society.
This study therefore fries to fund out the leadership taints of secondary technical principals, kits benefits and shortcomings, suggestions will also be made on the best leadership style to adopt in schools which will promote a serene environment for the leader and the subordinate.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
To investigate on the leadership style of principals of technical schools in Aba urban and also ways to improve the behavioural style so as to so the learning environment
- Leadership style of the principals of secondary technical schools in Aba urban.
- The impact of the leadership behaviour of the principal on the staff.
- To find out whether age and experience affect leadership behaviour of these principals
- To find out the level of productivity of the different leadership behaviour of the principals.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
In order to help achieve the aim of the study, these questions have been adduced, they are as follows:-
- Does the leadership behaviour of principals affect relationship between staff and the principal?
- Does Age and experience affect the leadership style of principals in technical schools?
- Does leadership traits affect the productivity of staff in schools?
- What are the leadership style of principals of technical secondary schools in Aba urban?
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study will cover only about 4 selected secondary technical schools in Aba urban. This selection is made so as to allow the researcher make a thorough investigation on the work and also come up with a clear-cut result that will help in making suggestions that are based on the findings.
This study will go a long way to help in defining lines and boundaries acceptable for both staff and principals which will invariably help in promoting a conducive atmosphere for learning in schools.
In the cause of the study, the researcher encounters some limitations which limited the scope of the study;
Staff Reluctance: In most cases the staffs and principals of the selected technical secondary schools in Aba urban often feels reluctance over providing required information required by the researcher. This result in finding information where the structured questionnaires could not point out.
Researcher’s Commitment: The researcher, being of full time student spent most of her time on other academic activities such as test, class work, assignment, examination etc which takes average focus from this study.
Inadequate Materials: Scarcity of material is also another hindrance. The researcher finds it difficult to long hands in several required material which could contribute immensely to the success of this research work.
1.7 DEFINITION OF RELEVANT TERMS
Leadership: Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to “lead” or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations. The literature debates various viewpoints: contrasting Eastern and Western approaches to leadership, and also (within the West) US vs. European approaches. US academic environments define leadership as “a process of social influence in which a person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task“.
Behavior: Behavior (American English) or behaviour (Commonwealth English) is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether internal or external, conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.
Technical: belonging or pertaining to an art, science, or the like or peculiar to or characteristic of a particular art, science, profession, trade, etc.
Secondary school: A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and (upper) secondary education (levels 2 and 3 of the ISCED scale), but these can also be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle school- high school system.
Secondary schools typically follow on from primary schools and lead into vocational and tertiary education. Attendance is compulsory in most countries for students between the ages of 11 and 16. The organizations, buildings, and terminology are more or less unique in each country
Principal: Principal is a term that has several financial meanings. The most commonly used refer to the original sum of money borrowed in a loan, or put into an investment. Similar to the former, it can also refer to the face value of a bond. Principal can also refer to an individual party or parties, the owner of a private company, or the chief participant in a transaction.
Productivity: Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production. A productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of output to inputs used in a production process, i.e. output per unit of input. Productivity is a crucial factor in production performance of firms and nations. Increasing national productivity can raise living standards because more real income improves people’s ability to purchase goods and services, enjoy leisure, improve housing and education and contribute to social and environmental programs. Productivity growth also helps businesses to be more profitable.
Technical schools: Technical postsecondary schools combine career-specific training with general academic curricula. While some programs take two to four years to complete, most can be completed in two years or less. Technical high schools combine this career training with secondary education.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (background of the study), statement of the problem, objectives of the study, research questions, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope of the study etc. Chapter two being the review of the related literature presents the theoretical framework, conceptual framework and other areas concerning the subject matter. Chapter three is a research methodology covers deals on the research design and methods adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.
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