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MOTIVATION AS A MANAGEMENT TOOL FOR INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF WORKERS

| Format: Ms Word | 1-5 Chapters | Table of Content|

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CHAPETR ONE

INTRODUCTION 

1.1        Background of the study

1.2        Statement of problem

1.3        Objective of the study

1.4        Research Hypotheses

1.5        Significance of the study

1.6        Scope and limitation of the study

1.7       Definition of terms

1.8       Organization of the study

CHAPETR TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPETR THREE

3.0        Research methodology

3.1    sources of data collection

3.3        Population of the study

3.4        Sampling and sampling distribution

3.5        Validation of research instrument

3.6        Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1 Introductions

4.2 Data analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendation

Appendix

 

 

Abstract

This study is on motivation as a management tool for increasing the productivity of workers. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Enugu State Housing Development Corporation Enugu. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made directors, administrative staff, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the study

Over some years ago psychologists, managers and students of management have given increased attention to the need for human motivation at the working place. They found this concept useful to both explaining human behaviour, particularly in work situation to increase the productivity of workers. The purpose of all types of organizaitoin is continually faced with the problem of vast diffences that exist in the performance or output of individual workers. Some employees often perform at a high level and need little or no supervisions and appear to enjoy what they are doing, other employees perform only at marginal levels and required constant attention and directions and are often absent from their duty posts. He reason for these differences in performance the nature of the job, the behaviour of the manager and the characteristics of the worker. The big questions is, how can the manager maintain the high performance of the first group and also increase that of those producing marginally, when it comes to being highly productive on the job, to performing with little or no direction and to being a real contributor to the organization. What can one usually say is the cause? Does money count first is the desire to draw bigger pay pocket? I s threat the principle factor? Or is it the sheer enjoyment of being part of a busy co-operative – professional team that makes some employees perform high? It has been recently shown that this variation is caused by the motives of workers, whether the employees or managers are high or how in achievement motivation makes a real difference in the effectiveness of financial incentives. Several studies have shown that offering additional financial reward for doing a task does not make strongly – achievement – oriented person to work harder or better. A group of aggressive – achievement – minded salesmen would certainly be angry of their extra efforts were not recognized with much greater financial rewards. Yet offering them bonus is not what produced the extra effort. This may seem like a psychological distinctions without a difference but the interpretation of he meaning of bonus plan genuinely affects performance. People with relatively low achievement motivation, ion the other hand, will work harder for increased financial rewards. However, does the money got by doing it interest them primarily as a measure of accomplishment?  Rather, it has other values for them. This work therefore will attempt to probe into the motivational tools employed by the management of Enugu State Transport Company limited to motivate its employees. The findings will help to evaluate the problems and prospects of the organization in the area of motivation and suggest way for improvement.

 

 

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In work place individual employees have different aim and aspiration for instance some worker would prefer to work very hard and yet be satisfied at least for working just to contribute to the job. Other might have aims of showing appearance ion the office or place of work and would not like to be usefully engaged but like to collect their salary as is when due s still some would prefer working for short periods hence their aim would be to reduce the time they spend in the workplace to a minimum Level since they were not interested with what they are doing. Therefore, the determination roles of manage goals in an organization and their actives are not always taken for granted. However .due to the co-ordination of human and material resources in an organization in both sectors of their economy is able to establish a company. Management going to increase the productivity of worker are not just a process by which people (manger) crests direct, maintains and operated an organization rather it is through systematic co-operative human effort and control measure it also involves making suggestion for improved performance and prevention of future short coming if any We now want to assess how effectiveness manager are and relation to productive and constructive services that offer to management therefore the question we want to ask is how the manager maintains the high performances to increase the management tools answer to the above question will go a long way in clarifying and explaining what the manager does or is all about and how effective the management decision policy .the overall purpose Is to assist management in achieving the most effective administration of the operations of the operation of organization that will attract the incentive of increasing the productivity of worker in public sector

  • OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain whether Internal audit unit Enugu state development corporation is effective in the performance its function in helping the organization to increase the productivity of worker
  2. To ascertain whether Internal audit unit in Enugu state housing development corporation is effective in performance its function.
  3. To ascertain whether there is Improper utility of the housing project by management has helped the organization in achieving its goals
  4. To ascertain whether Proper utilization of the housing project by management has helped the organization in achieving its goals
    • RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0 Internal audit unit in Enugu state housing development corporation is not effective in performance its function.

H1Internal audit unit in Enugu state housing development corporation is effective in performance its function.

H02Improper utility of the housing project by management has not helped the organization in achieving its goals

H2Improper utility of the housing project by management has helped the organization in achieving its goals

  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Certainly the importance of this project is for the benefit of the Enugu states housing development corporations toward motivating as a management tool for increasing the productivity of worker to the staff of the establishments. It is also to expose the knowledge to the student who will be engage in the study of this course in times to come. The writers research will be of aid to write in solving the problem and highlight the prospect of motivational factor are job centered research will be.
, that is they relate directly to the job itself, the individuals performance ,the job responsibilities and growth and recognition obtained from it. Finally the benefits are all corporate bodies, institutions of high leaning and public servant.

  • SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study covers motivation as a management tool for increasing the productivity of workers. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
  3. c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS 

This are some unique and difficult work used in this project. However, they are carefully explained for essay comprehension of their meaning.

  • MOTIVATION: This simply means ensuring appreciate behaviors of workers in an organization by providing an environment in which people can satisfy their human need through their work and working environments
  • TRANING OR SEMINAR: The importance of staff development in any organization cannot be over emphasized. For an accurate, account, ability and skill acquired by any staff depends on the mode of training given to him which will be applied to the teaching of the relevance duty and to motivate other staff.

(3) WAGES OR SALARY: – Employees consider wages/salary as the most important way of motivating worker. These wages/salary are paid according to their grade level and steps and also provide for an effective and efficient source of motivation for employees after adding other allowance or increase of their salary generally by government.
(4) LEAN ALLOWANCE: – This allowance is paid once annually whether you are on leave or not provided you are a public servant and in exception those that is retired from service.
(5) FREE MEDICAL TRAEMENT: This treatment only allocate to public servant by given them medical report from signed by direct to go to any government hospital for treatment.
(6) SALARY IN ADVANCE: – This is another way of helping a staff who need help. The office will grant a salary in advance for him or her to solve his/her problem and specify how he/she is given to pay back from his/her salary

(7) STUDY LEAVE WITHOUT PAY :- Management also allow such study to exist in the organization which help staff to acquire additional certificate when he/her is still working but will not be receiving any salary till he/her finish the study and present the certificate which will attract arrears the salary.
(8) CAR LAON:-This kind of loan has its own category of staff that can allocate to it. It belong to grade& level.10 and above officer who can be paying back installment according to the way specify

1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

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