ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE IN FORMAL AND INFORMAL ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF CADBURG NIGERIA LIMITED LAGOS STATE)
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Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE
A case study of Cadrury Nigeria Limited, chapter one deal with background of the study, historical background, school of thought on organization structures, sources of data.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY: for every research work to be done in a certain field there must be an existing problem. the researches view the finding solution be prevailing problem.
HISTORICAL BACKGOND OF CASE STUDY CADBURY:
CADBURY Nigeria PLc was incorporated on the 9th January 1965 and has been a leading company n confectionary. foods whose quality brands and project are; employed all voer the national as well as i export market anoint the world.
SCHOOL OF THOUGHT ON ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE.
There is no amount of discussion about organization structure that is complete without teaching so me of its major theories such as the one propounded (1942) who stressed that organization statement right form the wielding authority and business watch system so also this legitimate authority are lassies into three which are rational traditional and charismatic also D.S puchs (1960) measure the range of degree of centralization standardizations, specialization of authority structure. furthermore, the theory of j woodward (1958) must not be left behind, who along with her core searcher repealed the importance of technology of production in the structure of manufacturing industry she divided the fir into three groups according to their task and technology which are
- limit and small batch production
- large batch and mass production
- process production
Source Of Data
this is personal study carried out in the field to find out some information which is not available in the secondary source.
this data is collected for the same purpose which are normally obtained from source like journals, magazines text books etc.
method of data collection
generally data can be classified into primary and secondary data.
desevation method: observation method of research is mostly used to personally observe the actions of theism research cadbury nigeria plc. lagos is used.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Approval page i
Table of content vi-viii
- Background of the study 1-2
- Historical Background 2-4
- Statement of the Problem 4-5
- Research Question 5-6
- Objective of the Study 6-7
- Scope of the Study 8
- Limitation and Delimitation 8-9
- Definition of Terms 9-10
2.1 School of thought on organization structures 11-16
2.2 Types of organizational structure 16-19
2.3 Element of organizational structure 19-22
2.4 Development in organization theory 22-25
2.5 Formal and informal organization 25-31
Research Design and Methodology
- Source of Data 32
- Method of Data Collection 33-34
- Population and Sample Size 34-35
- Sampling Method 35-36
- Research Instruction 36
- Validity and Research Instrument 36
- Method of Data Analysis 37
4.1 Data Presentation and Interpretation 38-48
5.0 Summary Conclusion and Recommendation 49
5.1 Summary of Findings 49
5.2 Conclusion 50
5.3 Recommendation 50-51
Sample Questionnaire 53
1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
For every research work to be done in a certain field, there must be an existing problem. The research view the researcher as a problem solution process of findings solution be a prevailing problem.
To organize is to arrange the parts so that the whole works as a system or integrated body an organization is usually planned by management in line with the basic activities of the business. The principle aims of an organization includes to ensure that every employee is responsible to one person only. That responsibility given to authority, best use of specialization and individual ability and minimum level of management. An organization is defined by davis and filly 1977 as the group of individual who are cooperating under the direction of an executive or leader for the primary purpose of accomplishing certain common objective.
Formal organization can be seen as a direct opposite of informal organization, it is a planned pattern of behaviour designed to achieve an objective formal organization come being when people are willing to act, to communicate and finally share a purpose.
Informal organization could be defined as any joint personal activity without joint purpose.
Informal organization develop in order to meet a variety of individual needs which is not meet informal organization in emergencies for instance, an informal communication network makes faster decisions possible.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE STUDY
There are many problems confronting the formation are structure of an organization. These have been draw and presented by the researcher with a view to discuss and apply them to know its resultant change such an organization. Many organization face the problem of an unsuitable organizational structure. The types of organizational structure chosen should be suitable and in accordance with the nature and type of business carried out by the organization because they will go along way in enhancing the smooth running and growth of such an organization. Most organization carts are draws to emphasize the vertical hierarchy, a clear picture of this type of organization shown that all activities are fully centralized from the top level of management his continues to create problem most especially if the objective of the organization is to make profit not to serve the public for any producing company to succeed it should be capable of devising a way of eliminating delays in production so as to maintain its target.
Some organization face the problem of winding up and undergrowth due to its illegal nature, some companies are limited to certain jobs and merchandising.
We may find out that these companies if legally operated will expand more of its communication with the outside client and in turn maximize more profit.
1.2 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
It is very essential to have a study of this nature to enhance an even development of an organization since we can see that an organization exists to produce goods and services to satisfy customers.
With the growth in size of modern business, there is need to establish the framework around which the principle of management can be operated other wise, there will be cha as and inefficiencies.
The following are the reasons for organizational structure.
- One of the importance of this project is to make it to be of value to the research but, also, to those at present practicing personnel management as well as those that are fully involved in the organization under standing.
- To re-organize and delineate what desirable information is missing from the case and treat it.
- To understand the nature and important of the central concept and the field of production and other related organization and the services they rendered to the public.
- To clearly identify and suggest on problem arising form inefficiencies and bad organization
- To know how much the organization process and procedure and control of it various activities for efficient performance and operations.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The present research is aimed at looking into importance of organization structure in an organization out its related to how power and authority are delegated in the organization.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
- What are the ways of provide efficient working system:?
- How do you provide a system of communication?
- How there been cases of clash of duties among the organization personnel?
- What are the ways in which responsibilities are shared?
- Among the personnel? How do you provide satisfaction
1.5 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
In this statement, the research question been checked and the statement i.e. outcome been given.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers relevant aspects of the types and importance of organization structure in an organization, it is related to how power and authority are delegated in the organization. The case study is lavited to Cadbury Nigeria Plc.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the research work is organization structure in formal and informal organization using Cadbury Nigeria Plc as a case study in which the research was limited to a number of prevailing factor in dynamic and ever changing environment which are discussed and follow:
The research, therefore, decide to Cadbury Nigeria Plc due to the fact that other companies in this country can not be studied with the available short period.
The financial constraints inherent in traveling from one to another made it inevitable to choose one organization as a case study form which inference for generalization can be made. As it is expected of givers a systematic arrangement of work to be done.
Organization structure: It every organization the administrative manager of the company was initially not willing to co-operation, due to the research in ability to present a cover up letter from the polytechnic.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERM
Organization: the term organization can be defined as a group of individual working in a mutually dependent relationship towards achieving a stated goal or goals.
Structure: the structure is the anatomy upon which the organization is developed and operated it is the fram work of responsibility authorities and communication of individual in each organization unit, from a single job division their functions and inter-relationship.
The charts: an organization chart is a diagrammatic presentation of the frame work of structure of a business
Management: this refers to process of getting things done through the use of people’s skills and talents.
Communication: it is the act of sending message from one person to another which stimulation response
Specialization: the degree to which an organization activities are divided into specialized roles.
Standardization: The degree to which an organization lays down stated roles and procedures.
Centralization: the degree to which the authority to make certain decision is allocated at the top of the management hierarchy.
Decentralization: the degree to which the authority to make certain decision is dispread among individuals at the middle and lower management level.
1.9 PLANS OF THE STUDY
This project is group into five chapter, the first chapter is the introduction chapter. It give an insight introduction to the entire study.
Chapter two deals with literature review i.e. the work that have done or carried out by the some authours on the same topic which have to be reduce innovation to it.
Chapter three consists of historical background of the organization (A case study of a particular organization in Nigeria which the explanation of research methodology which carryout an observation method.
Chapter four comprises of method of data collection which is primary and secondary method of collection data.
Chapter five deals with the summary of the findings conclusion and recommendation.