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Juvenile Delinquency: Prevention, Treatment, and Risk Assessment - Soapboxie



Juvenile delinquency is an age-long problem. It is a social problem that has fathered enormous trends in our society and it cuts across the globe. It has also recently taken new dimensions in villages, urban, suburban areas and in schools. The problem increases and becomes less manageable especially now that the economy of the nation is almost in a state of collapse.

Juvenile delinquency has to do with a crime committed by youths and it means different things to different people depending on how the society sees it. Reports of juvenile delinquency abound on the front and back covers of our dailies and the offences committed by the youths range from stealing, pilfering drug abuse, sex, armed robbery and other deviant behaviours. This has given parents, social workers, the police, psychologists, sociologists and the government a great deal of concern about the possible causes and ways of preventing delinquent acts.

On the reasons for juvenile delinquency, some are of the view that the family is the root cause of juvenile delinquency because of the laxity in the upbringing of children. Others think that the causes of juvenile delinquency stem from the individual youths, that is peer group pressure, the environment the children interact with, poor socio-economic background of the parents, broken homes, watching movies and reading pornographic materials etc.

In Akwa Ibom State, the incidence of juvenile delinquency is probably not different from the trends elsewhere in Nigeria. perhaps it was because of the attitude of the youths in the State that made the state government to enact a law in 1997 making it an offence for any school child to roam the streets during school hours. To implement this law, a task force had been set up to monitor the truancy of these children and any child(ren) arrested for violating this law was made to pay a fine by the parents before being released.

Experience has also shown that most of our youngsters go delinquent because of the hard effect of the economic depression on different families as the children are allowed to fend for themselves by selling.

Since there are no confirmed statistical records to indicate the number of delinquents in Akwa Ibom State and especially Uyo Urban, the trends in juvenile delinquency, offences committed, sexes most prone to delinquency and age trends in delinquency, it calls for a survey of the Remand Home Uyo on the incidence of juvenile delinquency so as to establish authentic situation and records.


In contemporary Nigeria Communities especially the urban ones, children no more respect elders and their behaviour deviate from standard expected by the society.

There has been a general belief that adolescents exhibit a lot of problem behaviours because they think of themselves as independent and self-reliant, they always seek adventures, which makes them to involve themselves in all sorts of misdeeds and delinquent acts.

Juvenile delinquency is one of the areas which poses problems to the Nigeria Government and the general public as a whole. Truancy among our juveniles has become a problem that almost every family and school has faced. Also drug addiction has found its way into the Nigerian society and is thriving among the youths. There seems to be an absence of a sense of value of those thing such as respect for elders, respect for human life and property, and other things which are traditionally thought to be noble. Sexual laxity and teenage pregnancy are other areas that demand attention from the adult world. Teenage pregnancy is more rampant now than ever before, with its resultant effect of dropping out of schools and causing untold hardship to parents. Children now become mothers when they are not adequately able to cope with parentage psychologically, emotionally, financially and physically.

If youths are allowed to go delinquent, they might constitute a nuisance or menace to the government and the general public as a whole. The presence of a delinquent child in the family raises the anxiety of the parents. The future of the country is in jeopardy if the character of our youths is paralysed with the delinquent offences and social ills because a delinquent child today is likely to become a criminal adult tomorrow, hence there is no hope for a better future  of good and dynamic leaders in Nigeria as a whole and Akwa Ibom State in particular. It is against this background that this study is carried out to find out the root causes and possible ways of reducing the incidence of juvenile delinquency among our youths.



Account Number: 0709546102

Access Bank: Savings
Account Name: Emmanuel Idorenyin Samuel.