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SURVEY OF THE CONTROL PROGAMMES ON SUBSTANCES ABUSE AMONG YOUTHS AND ADULTS IN KATSINA STATE

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ABSTRACT

 

The purpose of the study was to survey the control programmes on substances abuse among youths and adults in Katsina state. The study was to assess the effectiveness of substances abuse control programmes. To achieve the purpose of the research questions were raised and each question was postulated. Six questions were raised and hypotheses were formulated and tested. A survey research design was adopted based on the fact that the event were observed. The data collected in this study were analyzed using statistical package of social science (SPSS). The sample size of 38 were used as suggested by Krecjie and Morgan (2000). The instrument used in this study for the purpose of collecting data was the questionnaire and the instruments was divided into three (3) sections A to C and each section consisted of different number of items based on information needed. The data obtained from the questionnaire were grouped, tabulated and analyzed using frequencies and percentages. However, the hypotheses were tested with inferential statistics the analysis of variance (ANOVA) to determine the significance of related variables used for the research. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance, all the recommendations were made according to the findings in the study. Based on the findings, programmes on substance abuse control are significantly affected by various factors such as socio economic condition and availability of drug as well as environmental factors which seen as service factors that influence substance abuse control programme in Katsina state. Such environmental factors include; economic income, population, educational status, physical and socio cultural condition of the people. Thus government should establish more agencies that will support substance abuse control programme in the country. Motivational mechanism should be systematically applied by the institution concerned. NDLEA so as to improve the standard of planned programme on substance abuse control in Katsina State and the country at large. Some of substance abuse control programme in Katsina State are: Effective offender’s management, Supply drug reduction programme, Indentify drug user scheme, Intelligence operation programme, Social Programme (Peer education and support) and Research based prevention programme.

 

 

 

 

 

 

        TABLE OF CONTENTS          
Title Page   i
Certification-   ii
Dedication   iii
Declaration- –   iv
Acknowledgements   v
Abstract   vi
Operational Definition of Terms-   vii
Table of Content   viii
List of Table   ix
List of Appendices     x
CHAPTER ONE                      
1.1 Introduction     1
1.2 Statement of the problem –   5
1.3 Research Questions   6
1.4 Purpose of the Study 7
1.5 Hypotheses 7
1.6 Basic Assumption – 8
1.7 Significance of the Study – – 9
1.8 Delimitation of the Study   – 10
1.9 Limitation of the Study 10

 

 

 

 

x

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

2.0 Introduction 11
2.1 Conceptual Framework of Substance Abuse Control Programmes 11
2.2 Brief history of drug abuse 16
2.3 Factors affecting substance abuse control programme   19
2.4 Types of substances abuse control program in Katsina state 21
2.4.1 Supply drug reduction program 21
2.4.2 Identity drug user Scheme – 23
2.4.3 Intelligence Operations Programme- 23
2.4.4 Research – based prevention program   30
2.4.5 Social Programme of Substance Abuse Control Programme 31
2.4.6 Drug Problem in Nigeria- – 35
2.5 Summary 41
Chapter Three: Methodology                
3.1 Introduction 43
3.2 Research Design 43
3.3 Population for the Study 43
3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique 45
3.5 Research Instrument 45
3.6 Validation of Instrument 46
3.7 Administration of the Instrument 47
3.8 Method of Data Analysis 47
            xi            

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF

 

FINDINGS                  
4.1 Introduction   – 49
4.2Result of Demographic Characteristics of Respondents 50

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUTION AND

 

RECOMMENDATIONS

 

5.1 Introduction 78
5.2 Summary- 78
5.3 Conclusion 81
5.4 Recommendations 82
5.5 Recommendation for Further Study 83
5.5 References 84
5.6 Appendices 88

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0        INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

1.1       Background of the Study

 

Documented empirical evidence indicates that substance abuse among young people, especially students, is assuming an unprecedented upward surge worldwide. Substance abuse among students is associated with myriad of negative physical, social and psychological consequences, including liver, cranial and cardiovascular diseases, cancers, vehicular fatalities, mental and behavior disorder, violence, declining grades, increased potential for dropout and high truancy rates, suicides, homicides and accidental injuries.

 

With current development worldwide, efforts have been made by various countries to prevent substance abuse among youths and children. Various establishments and law enforcement agencies as well as educational, social and skill-building programs have been putting efforts to control substance abuse for the benefit of the society.

 

The National Institute on Drug (2010) maintained that, when research-based substance use prevention programs are properly implemented by schools and communities, use of alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs will be reduced. Such programs help teachers, parents and health care professionals to shape youths‟ perceptions about the risks of substance abuse. While many social and

 

 

 

 

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cultural factors affect drug use trends, when young people perceive drug use as harmful, they reduce their level of use.

 

Nigeria like any other country in the world, joined the European countries in trying to coordinate their strategies on substance abuse control programmes according to the obligations they took by signing the United Nations Conventions. Research has shown that their goal is to develop more effective joint system for drug traffic control.

 

This was done through a joint European Union (EU) system for drug traffic control by bringing closer all the elements in their repressive law enforcement systems (Customers, Police and Justice) by the year 2004. With the systematic exchange of information and joint actions, it would be easier to intervene in international organized crime/ corruption, money laundry, precursor control.

 

The use of drugs is determined largely by market forces; with increases in affordability and availability deprive use. People with socio-economic deprivation, however measured, are at high risk of harmful drug use, as are those with disadvantaged family environment, and those who live in a community with higher levels of substance use. Substance use is on the increase in low-income countries which, in the coming decades, will bear a disproportionate burden of substance related disability and premature death (Anderson, 2006).

 

 

 

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The government of Nigeria reported increase in cannabis cultivation, while no estimates of output. Nigeria trafficking groups are among the largest trafficking organizations involved in heroin trafficking to the United States. Large amounts of cocaine, cannabis from Nigeria are smuggled to Europe (United Nation Drugs Control Programmes,(UNDCP 1995 and UN, 2004) The most frequent abused drugs are cannabis, heroin, cocaine, benzodiazepine and alcohol, about eighty percent of the drug consumer were youths between 18 and 30 years of age (Onyebe 1998).

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