1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The management of financial resources in the pubic sector is the heart of government administration of financial manning and control in pubic sector. Financial control can then be sera as the process, which assures that financial resources are obtained economically, and used effectively and effectively in the accomplishment of descried galas. Thus of can be said to be an assurance process, which includes the process of decision – making. In the blight of current economic problems in the country, the finical manners especially those in the pubic sector concerned with the financial control of the government funds are faced with a lot of problems, example include direct embezzlement, large scale salary frauds contract inflates.
Financial control also stresses on the acquisition of adequate funds as well as application of such funds so raised. The researcher were mutilated to chose this topic decease of the necessity for the government to prevent and minimize fraud and embezzlement in the pubic sector through the proper book keeping of income and expenditure in pubic sector. This study aims at the effective application of financial control vote expenditure and allocation books (DVEA)
1.2 STATEMENT PT THE PROBLES.
In the light of current economic problems in Nigeria, the financial planners especially those in the pubic sector concerned with the financial control of government fun with a lot of problems such as he inflation of contract prices payment of salaries to ghost workers payment of contractors for services not rendered and goods not applied, contractors and payment for unauthorized expenditures. It is intended to see how effective the use of the DVEA book been a control tool for pubic sector accounting. The amount of information than what could be found in the normal ledger used to record the double entry system of the pubic sector accounting. It is intended that the information in the DVEA book is to be reviewed to ascertain its adequacy.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
This study is aimed at revealing the amount and quality of information contained in the DVEA book with a view to assessing its relevance to the control objective of government accounting.
1. Financial control and management are the essential sectors.
2. The study aims at developing a realistic picture of how financial control can help make the government sector efficiently effective and successful.
3. To examine and make recommendation on what other possible measures that could be improve on the current state of affairs
4. To identify the problems and the coursed of the already identified problems of the government sector and in public finance.
5. To highlight that there exist ordinance/ law principles and rules guiding the government accounting in Nigeria just as their counterparts in private organization.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is intended to highlight the benefits of departmental vote expenditure allocation book in public sector. The researchers were motivated by the need of proper maintained of DVEA book by financial controllers to restore public trust in the information in the public sector. This will equally contract the loss of credibility in the eyes of the international financial community. Finally, the study will be of immense importance to our policy makers in portraying whether the DVEA book is achieving its set objectives, what amendment is any should be made to it.
1.5 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The researcher intended to explain how DVEA books could assist in the planning and control of the public sector. However, the study would be narrowed down to cover only the federal ministry of finance and brief other related government organization. This research is limited to the effects of proper use of DVEA books in analyzing and answering the major research question.
1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS
This is maintained for each subhead an integral part of the system of budget control. It is designed to facilitate vote watching the allocation of responsibility to financial offers to ensure that expenditure in excess of appropriation or in excess of authority to incur expenditure does not occur.