ASSIGNMENT ON LINGUISTIC
Question 1: What is Linguistics?
Linguistics is the systematic study of the structure and evolution of human language, and it is applicable to every aspect of human endeavor. Each human language is a complex of knowledge and abilities enabling speakers of the language to communicate with each other, to express ideas, hypotheses, emotions, desires, and all the other things that need expressing. Linguistics is the study of these knowledge systems in all their aspects. Linguistics is the scientific study of language (Halliday, 2006). It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying and modeling them. The traditional areas of linguistic analysis include phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics (Adrian, Richard A, Ann K, Robert M & Harnish, 2010). Each of these areas roughly corresponds to phenomena found in human linguistic systems: sounds (and gesture, in the case of signed languages), minimal units (words, morphemes), phrases and sentences, and meaning and use.