A STUDY OF SELECT (NTA) AND (AKBC) PROGRAMME IN THE MORAL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN IN UYO METROPOLIS
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A study of select NTA and AKBC TV program in the moral education of children in Uyo metropolis was carried out in order to find out to what extent did these children (respondents) were addicted to NTA and AKBC TV on moral education. The study’s design was the survey method. That means that the respondents were asked to fill in their responses on the questionnaire administered to them. The study’s population was 560 and the sample which was determined from the study’s population through the Yaro Yamane was 233. Findings revealed that greater percentage of respondent were not exposed by NTA and AKBC TV on moral education. Also, the contents of moral education shown on NTA and AKBC TV were not explanatory to the respondents. based on such findings, the study recommend that educational programmes on NTA and AKBC TV should be re-defined, also contents of educational programmes should be clear. In addition, parents should monitor their wards on the kind of programme, they should watch and management of NTA and AKBC should base their educational programmes based on existing secondary school curriculum.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover page = = = = = = = = = i
Title page = = = = = = = = = = ii
Certification = = = = = = = = = iii
Dedication = = = = = = = = = iv
Acknowledgement = = = = = = = = v
Abstract = = = = = = = = = = vi
Table of Contents = = = = = = = = vii-ix
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study = = = = = = 1-4
1.2 Statement of the Problem = = = = = = 4-5
1.3 Objectives of the Study = = = = = = 5-6
1.4 Research Questions = = = = = = = 6-7
1.5 Research Hypothesis = = = = = = = 7
1.6 Significance of the Study = = = = = = 7-8
1.7 Delimitation of the Study = = = = = = 8
1.8 Limitation of the Study = = = = = = 9
1.9 Definition of Terms = = = = = = = 10
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Introduction = = = = = = = = 11
2.2 Review of Studies on Moral Culture = = = = 11-13
2.3 Characteristics of culture = = = = = = 13-17
2.4 Area of moral Learning as Application to
Television Programs = = = = = = = 17-22
2.5 An overview of Television Local Contents
Broadcast in Nigeria = = = = = = = 22-29
2.6 Uses and Gratification Theory = = = = = 29-30
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS
3.1 Introduction = = = = = = = = 31
3.2 Research Design = = = = = = = 31
3.3 Population of the Study = = = = = = 32-33
3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique = = = = 33
3.5 Description of Research Instrument = = = = 34
3.6 Validity/Reliability of Data Gathering Instrument = 34
3.7 Method of Data Collection = = = = = = 35
3.8 Method of Data Analysis = = = = = = 35
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FININGS
4.1 Introduction = = = = = = = = 36
4.2 Presentation of Data = = = = = = 36-43
4.3 Discussion of Findings = = = = = = 44
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Introduction = = = = = = = = 45
5.2 Summary = = = = = = = = = 45-46
5.3 Conclusion = = = = = = = = 46-47
5.4 Recommendation = = = = = = = 47
1.1 Background to the Study
The television is an electronic aim mechanical device for audio and visual instruction, information, education, advertisement, public, radio, and massive outreach at ease and in leisure. It is a modern scientific technological improvement (over radio) on dissemination or transformation of information and commucnaiton of idea, ideals and goals. The television, like the radio, has its own scientific and technological history. It is a wonderful achievement of man’s developmental instinct that has helped in easing the burden of existence, albeit with its misuse. Kirpatrido (1983:1330) defines the television in terms of an electrical transmission of distant objects, events and occasions, to a wider audience.
No doubts the television is among the best scientific and technological advancement that have helped in making the universe a global village. It is at the beck and call of every “Dick and Harny” that is desirous to get informed, instructed and entertained in “the global culture or auto-socialization”. Like the radio, it could be listened to and viewed personally or collectively; it could be mobile. In this wise, the television holds the capacity of widening man’s horizon in handling his existential predicament as well as the possibility of eclipsing man’s dignity and morals. The television capture the two main empirical sources of receiving information viz: the eye visual and the (audio). Thus, like the radio, the television could be very powerful in its influence.
Contextually, moral education involves character information. Spiritual elevation, and social or cultural approbation. Moral education aims at imparting good social habits and norms which are capable of fostering integral human and dignified existence. Moral education has a sits pre-condition the establishment of the sacredness and sanctity of life and existence.
The metaphysical dimension of moral education aims at the preservation, protection and refining of living and existence. The moral philosopher applies the prescriptive method in out-fining the “out to be” in existence. in this perspective also the moral philosopher is one of the gadflies or watchdogs of his age or society, high lighting those aspects of existence which he/she believes are with upholding and criticizing or attenuating those habits or cultures in existence which he/she believes do not augur well with holistic existential preservation of up keep.
Moral education from conventional or scholar’s perspectives involved distinguishing wrong or bad actions from right or correct actions. By so doing the moralist or moral educator tries to influence the actions and behavior of the students/educands positively and objectively because it is hoped he/she should emphasize morally good actions. That is why moral education from etymological purview suggest trading out of bad norms, mores, and habits to better. Conducts, behavior and actions since morality I rooted to “mores education” implies reading one out of bad human habits conducts or behaviour in view of proper development.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Enough emphases has not been laid in the moral education value of children via the television powerful members of the human society have, mostly researchers have not fully exploited this subject matter. There are always debates in the moral quarters few negative effects have been done but these negative effects have not been put into practice. Rather, parents have always encouraged their children to watch violent movies which at the end don not yield effective results in terms of morality.
This study therefore seeks to view the roles that should be done or exercised by AKBC and NTA in the moral education of children in Uyo metropolis.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study were to:
- Find out children’s viewing habits of programmes on NTA and AKBC TV Uyo.
- Find out the influence of presentation via NTA and AKBC TV on programmes
- Assess the contribution of NTA and AKBC programme on moral values of the children
- Find out children’s views on NTA and AKBC programmes presentation
1.4 Research Questions
Research questions which were formulated to guide the study were:
- How could children’s viewing habit of programmes on NTA and AKBC be assessed?
- What is the influence of programmes presentation on NTA and AKBC on children?
- What are the contributions of NTA and AKBC programmes on moral values of the children?
- What are children’s views on NTA and AKBC programmes presentation?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
The following null hypotheses test tables at 5% level of significance were formulated to guide this study
- There is no significant relationship between children habits and programmes on NTA and AKBC
- There is no significant influence of programmes presentation on NTA and AKBC on children.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The study is significance for several reasons. First of all the study shall bring up a valid argument in respect select NTA and AKBC programmes in the moral education of children in Uyo metropolis.
Secondly, the study will add more to academics thereby promoting academic research and motivating researchers to further their studies on this ground.
Thirdly, the beneficiaries of this study will be students of mass communication, electronic experts and management of NTA and AKBC.
1.7 Delimitation of the Study
The study’s scope is Uyo metropolis. Students of selected secondary schools in Senior Secondary School (SSS) namely: Adiaha Obong Girls Secondary Commercial School, Uyo high school, four towns secondary’s school shall be interviewed via questionnaire schedule on select NTA and AKBC programmes in their moral education. The programmes are: “cartons” for NTA and “Asuama” for AKBC.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
The research could not be completely exhausted without stating and explaining the major factors that militate against the smooth conducts of the study. Time constraints were one of the constraints in which the researcher experienced. Academic exercises such as assignment, tests and attendance to classes in most cases disrupt the research.
Finance sometimes paralyzed the research and this was accessional by high transport fares where the researcher had to move from one area to the other.
1.9 Definition of Terms
Key terms have been defined they are:
Study: Refers to a close examination of NTS and AKBC programmes on children
Select: Choice of NTA and AKBC programmes
Programme: Television or radio, live or recorded events presented to viewers and listeners.
Moral Education: The terms refer to social and psychological up bringing based on NTA and AKBC programme presentation.
Television: Electronic mechanical devices for audio visual instruction.
A Child: A legal entity placed below 18 years of age.
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