TABLE OF CONTENT
Background to the study
Statement of Problem
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the study
Delimitation /scope of study
Limitation of Study
Review of Related Literature
Summary of Literature Review
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
Population of Study
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Validity of Instrument
Administration of the Instrument
Method of Data Analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
Data presentation and Analysis
Discussion of Results
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
This study is on Akwa Ibom state local newspaper coverage on drug abuse. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected newspapers in Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made editors, marketers, senior staff and junior officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
- Background of the study
Drug abuse has since been recognized as global problem that bother every country in the world today. Different nations across the world including Nigerians abuse the use of drugs and large percentage of these users are our youth in various institution of learning. A drug has been defined as any substances that when aborted into a living organism may modify one or more of its physiological functions (Croen, Woener, Harm and Reichgott 1997). The term is generally used in reference to a substance taken for therapeutic purpose and as abused substances (Kwamanga, Hiombo and Amukoye, 2003).United states of America (USA) study further revealed that excessive illicit drug use rate among high school students and young adults increase with age with a prevalence rate 19.60/0 between the age of 18-20 years as indicated in Kwananga, etal (2003). According to the United Nation Officer on Drugs and Crime (UNODC-Wito,2005 world Drug Report, 2005), some 200million people or 50/0 of the total world’s population age between 1.5 and 64 years have used drugs. The report further says that no nation has been immune to the devastating effects of the drug abuse. The officer of the national agency for the campaign against drug abuse (NACA, 2004B) commissioned the first ever national baseline survey on the abuse of alcohol and other drugs in Kenya in 2001. The report which was released in 2002 revealed that substances abuse, both illicit and licit was forming a culture amongst Kenyan youth. Drug abuse among the youth especially in higher institutions has endangered their lives and this has caused a lot concern as the vice indeed has been identified as major causes of problems experienced in schools in Kenya (Gikonyo, 2005). In Nigerian studies have consistently shown that there is considerable prevalence of drugs and substances use, with varying prevalence rate found for both overall and specific drugs and substances abuse (Abdulkarim, Mokuolu and Adeniyi, 2005). According to Adelekan,Makanjuola, Nelom, fayeye and Amusan (2005) student may start using illegal drugs because the drugs are available from their schools. School related factors can also influence students to drug use (Ngesuetal, 2008) how the school administration manages student affairs may led to drug abuse. Prevalence of drug use and abuse are therefore major public health problem in the young adults, especially among the university students. Previous studies show that more than a fifth (22.7%) of primary school children takes alcohol, and also a figure that rises to more than three-quates (68%) of students at the university or other tertiary learning institution in Nigeria take alcohol (siririgi and waihenaya 2001);ngesuetal (2008) Otieno and Offulla (2009). Therefore, a large number of students across all age groups have been exposed to alcohol, tobacco, miraa, glues sniffing, marijuana and even hard drugs such as heroin and cocaine.
It is the responsibility of the Nigerian media to keep the citizens abreast of what happens in the society. Newspapers either local (Akwa Ibom state newspapers like the global concord, the pioneer, the sensor etc) or national papers are generally known for their daily, current, timely information reportage and their easily accessible storage factors. They shape perceptions of key events through the act of framing .Frames in media are essential components in the study and interpretation of news, Lippmann(quoted in Papacharassi & Oliveira,2008:5). Through their roles of informing, educating and entertaining the people, the media set frames of reference that their readers and viewers can use to interpret and discuss public events. The press, therefore, plays a critical role in awareness and education on public issues and influence decisions about health policies and issues amongst which is drug abuse. On this background the researcher wants to use the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor as the case study
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The continuous abuse of drugs lead the researcher to embark on this study, so as to evaluate the extent at which the newspaper media especially some selected Akwa Ibom newspapers( the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) are going about the incidence of drug abuse in the state, their coverage concerning drug abuse and drug addiction. The effects of drug abuse is detrimental not only to the individual but to the society as a whole. Yet this problem is on the increase especially among student which is a serious threat to our national sanctity. How well can print media as a vehicle for information dissemination is relied upon to perform its role in the society, to join hand in the battle against drug abuse? Drug abuse menace has strangle youthful population reducing them to dummies zombies and drooling figure as well as wasting their lives at the age which they are most needed in the society (Ngesu, Ndiku and Masese dangers 2008) Despite the worldwide concern and education about the of drug abuse most of the citizen have limited knowledge of how dangerous the habit is (Ngesuetal 2008).
1.3 OBJETIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of this research work is to examine Akwa Ibom State local newspapers coverage on drug abuse. The specific objectives are;
- To ascertain the relationship between Akwa Ibom state local newspapers( the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) coverage and drug abuse campaign
- To ascertain if Akwa Ibom state local newspapers( the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) coverage on drug abuse have reduced the unlawful use of drug in our society
- To ascertain whether Akwa Ibom state local newspapers( the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) do covers on drug abuse at all
- To ascertain the causes of drug abuse in our society
- To ascertain the effect of drug abuse on the academic performance of students.
For the purpose of this study
The following research questions are formulated
- Is there any relationship between Akwa Ibom state local newspapers (the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) coverage and drug abuse campaign?
- Does Akwa Ibom state local newspapers (the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) coverage on drug abuse have reduced the unlawful use of drug in our society?
- Are there any causes of drug abuse in our society?
- Is there any effect of drug abuse on the academic performance of students?
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no relationship between Akwa Ibom state local newspapers (the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) coverage and drug abuse campaign
H1: there is relationship between Akwa Ibom state local newspapers (the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) coverage and drug abuse campaign
H02: there is no effect of drug abuse on the academic performance of students
H2: there is effect of drug abuse on the academic performance of students
JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY
The continuous abuse of drugs lead the researcher to embark on this study, so as to evaluate the extent at which the newspaper media especially Akwa Ibom newspapers( the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor) are going about the incidence of drug abuse in the state, their coverage concerning drug abuse and drug addiction. The researcher used descriptive research survey design in building up this project work the choice of this research design was considered appropriate because of its advantages of identifying attributes of a large population from a group of individuals. The researcher shall use primary source for collection of data. They can be obtained through a survey, observation questionnaire or as experiment; the researcher has adopted the questionnaire method for this study.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study has important contribution to make in the education of drug abuse among our youths and society in general. The government and other agencies of education will find this study useful in directing their efforts towards the identified factors with the view of controlling drug abuse among the people of our nation. It will help schools; guidance counselors to identify cases of drug abuse, the associated problem and treatment to be applied. Government through the National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) will benefit from the study to know the harmful effect of media drama showing lots of drinking and alcoholic programme, advert and marking on print media to the society
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers Akwa Ibom state local newspapers coverage on drug abuse. The global concord, the pioneer and the sensor are the selected local newspapers in Akwa Ibom State to be covered
1.7 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In consideration of financial and time constraint, the area of this study has been delimited to three local newspapers in Akwa Ibom State (the global concord, the pioneer and the sensor). The targeted population is all the staff of the three local newspapers with sample size of two hundred (200) participants
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
- c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Role: It is a function or contribution of print media in curbing abuse of drug in society.
Newspaper: It a periodical publication for dissemination of information against drug abuse.
Drug: It refers to different forms of tables in liquid and capsules or substances like cocaine, india-hemp e.t.c use for treatment of illness and related body problems.
Drug Abuse: Is means when people use drugs or substances either liquid, tablet, injection or inhale it in amount or with methods neither approved or nor supervise by medical professionals e. t. c
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research question, research hypotheses, justification of the study, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study