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TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledge
Abstract
CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
Statement of Problem
Research Questions
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the study
Delimitation /scope of study
Limitation of Study
CHAPTER TWO:

Review of Related Literature

Conceptual Review

Empirical Review

Theoretical Framework

Summary of Literature Review
CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
Research design
Population of Study
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Research Instrument
Validity of Instrument
Administration of the Instrument
Method of Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
Data presentation and Analysis
Discussion of Results
CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Summary
Conclusion
Recommendation
References
Appendix

Abstract

The study is on assessment of social media in documenting human right violation in Africa.The total population for the study is 200 staff of National human right commission, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made lawyers, researchers, senior staffs and junior staffs were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the study

The Internet and social media have become increasingly important in political activity. Blogging, video-sharing and tweeting were crucial in the political events in Africa. They are important to human rights defenders everywhere. But the use of these new technologies to assert old freedoms has been met with repression by some governments. It is hard to imagine modern life without some form of media and communication technology accompanying everyday activities. Human life is surrounded by technologies that provide us with the opportunity and means of information, connection, entertainment, education, creation of our own art or content, but also to conduct businesses, buy and sell and work. Not confined to the living room anymore, the media are mobile, versatile, converged, and available around the clock. The new media have been heralded as promising and liberating technologies: From their everyday use of posting photos of family and friends and connecting with them via Facebook, for example, to political participation, as in the recent Europe-wide protests for social justice and the Arab Spring, their role in times of crisis is multifaceted bringing together people and supporting democratic participation At the same time however, the new media forms prompt old questions anew with regards to common understandings and practices of upholding human rights. Digital technologies, global markets and shifts in political and other forms of constellation around the world, from situations of crisis and fear of terrorism to financial meltdowns and civil unrest, have provided the framework within which governmental organisations as well as private corporations have turned their attention to the ways in which digital communications can be used to serve their purposes. There are various issues in relation to the ways in which new communication technologies and in particular the digital media world pose new challenges to established – and yet fragile – human rights, not only in regions that are historically traumatised by human rights violations, but also in so-called Western democracies whose track record and official commitment to safeguarding of human rights is generally much better. The areas mostly affected by the new environment of digital communications are the right of freedom of speech and related right of assembly and association (see Nowak, “Freedom of Expression, Association and Assembly”), and the right to privacy (see Nowak “Right to Family Life and Privacy”). At the same time, the fact that information and communication technologies are so widely integrated into every aspect of life, has led many to argue for rights related to access to these technologies, in particular to the internet. This accompanies claims for the introduction and inclusion of the right to communicate, as a widely encompassing right that aims to recognise the multifaceted functions and roles of human communication.

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Journalists often fail to adopt a comprehensive approach in reporting human rights abuses. Even in the absence of such abuses, the media often fail to formulate their broadcast policy to incorporate human rights programmes. The prioritization of profit-making over societal wellbeing dominates media agenda. For instance, Lustgarten and Debix (2005:364) assert that the media‟s preference for „flashy audience–grabbing and ratings-soaring image or story‟ makes them to be nonchalant in matters which are of interest to the public, owing to their inability to pursue events in detail. Many studies conducted on media and human rights mostly dwell on analyzing the frequency of human rights terms, especially in the print media such as newspapers and magazines. None or few of them centre on an in-depth analysis of television broadcast programmes to find out the possibility of such programmes having an implicit or in-depth treatment of human rights issues.

 

 

  • OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain the relationship between social media and human right violation
  2. To ascertain the causes of human right violation
  3. To ascertain the role social media play in human right violation
    • RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0:     there is no relationship between social media and human right violation

H1:   there is relationship between social media and human right violation

H02: there are no causes of human right violation

H2: there are causes of human right violation

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study will give a clear insight of assessment of social media in documenting human right violation in Africa. The study will be beneficial to students, media and the general public. The study will serve as a reference to other researcher that will embark on this topic

 

 

  • SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study covers assessment of social media in documenting human right violation in Africa. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
  3. c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities

 

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS

 

SOCIAL MEDIA: Social media are interactive computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, and career interests

DOCUMENTATION: Documentation is a set of documents provided on paper, or online, or on digital or analog media, such as audio tape or CDs. Examples are user guides, white papers, on-line help, quick-reference guides. It is becoming less common to see paper documentation

HUMAN RIGHT VIOLATION: Violations. Human rights violations occur when actions by state (or non-state) actors abuse, ignore, or deny basic human rights (including civil, political, cultural, social, and economic rights).

1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

 

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