EFFECT OF CULTISM ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
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This study focus on effect of cultism in academic performance of students in tertiary institution. In carryout the study, a questionnaire was designed and administered to both the students and staff (academic and non-academic) in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin. The data collection were analyzed and interpreted. It was observed that power, security, wealth, parents, peer group and among others are the major factors that influence the growth of cultism in schools. In the light of the finding recommendations were proffered, in the hope that if carefully considered and implemented by concerned individual and organization and bodies that would help in reducing cultism in schools.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
Statement of problems
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWO Review of Literature CHATTER THREE
Method of analysis
Data presentation, analysis and interpretation
Summary, conclusion and recommendation
1.1 BACKGROUND FOR THE STUDY
Cultism is a secret organization formed by students while in the school, most especially in the tertiary institution. Molagun (2003) defined cultism as a religious group often based on immediate emotional experience rather than on a throughout ideology of most world religions Beth (1982). Advanced Oxford Dictionary defines cultism as a term coined out of the word cult, and that cultism is an extreme religious group that is not part of an established religions. Cultism has become one of the major problems confronting most of our tertiary institutions in Nigeria. It is not an over statement to say that Nigeria’s educational system is on the verge of collapse if nothing is done by the government, school authorities, students and the society in general to stop cultism in our tertiary institutions.
Cultism have been known to have caused many havocs in our tertiary institutions as members engage themselves in brutal killing of other fellow students, harassing of lecturers, raping, destruction of school properties and causing violence in the school campuses thus, making the school environment unconducive for learning.
The effects of secret cults in schools are numerous. Such cult had newer dimension to the educational problems we already have. The rate at which cults are causing disruptions in the smooth running of various institutions of learning is assuming an alarming proportion. For example, in the wake of the 90’s, there has been a great rise in the dastardly activities of the 90’s, there has been a great rise in the dastardly activities of the cults in as recorded on the pages of various national dailies. To help us appreciate the negative effects of cults in our institutions, we examine a well documented newspaper report and other eye witness accounts as recorded in Olaoye (1996), five occult members were shot dead by members of rival secret cult at the university of Benin, one was shot dead while thirty got drowned in an attempt to escape arrest at the University of Calabar. More so, four were shot dead at the University of Ibadan. A science laboratory was set ablaze by cult members at University of Jos. About twelve cult students among whom were two female students from tertiary institutions in Kwara State were in police custody for being in possession of dangerous weapons. One was murdered while another was shot at the Federal Polytechnic Offa. Occult members struck at the Yaba College of Technology leaving four dead in 1994, nine students of Baptist High School Abeokuta, were caught performing initiation rites for members of their cult in the midnight. A similar incident was reported at a secondary school in Abia State where a principal caught thirteen students with guns. Moreover, nine students of Federal Government College, Indoani in Ondo State were expelled for belonging to secret cults. Occults members also struck at the College of Education in Ila-Orangun leading to destruction of properties. Bulus, (2003). The moral decadence in our tertiary institutions can be traced to the family, which is an institution that permits safe guarding of the child during the period of biological immaturity and also provide for the child’s primary socialization and initial education. Parenthood is rapidly becoming a highly self conscious vocation Mitchell, (1996) and it is in the realm of inter-personal relationships and social interactions that the self conscious operates.
According Ehigie (2007) stated that there are some major reasons why student join secret cult activities.
Protection: Many ignorant students join one secret cult or the other all in the name of being protected by the cult leaders who cannot even protect themselves.
Popularity: Many students join cult because they want to know where ever they are because of their ever activities.
Superiority: some other students believed that as a cultist they have gain superiority over the non cultist (Jews).
Access to girls: Many boys think that cultist at trust girls and there will be no scarcity of girl friends for the cultist. Verse versa.
But today cult’s activities have change from it original plans. It is now a saying that cultist’s activities are all evil and satanic and the youths who are future leaders of this nation be the one involved in this activities (cult). People differ in their opinions some blame the cause on the parents while some blame the cause on school authorities while others are of the views that the students themselves and even the government are not helping matters as regards the issue of cultism in our tertiary institutions.
Our assumption in this study therefore are many factors, on why students join cultism such as students socio-economics background, search for self-image or self-esteem and student desire to belong. It is also assumed that inferiority complex on the part of the students has a lot to do with cultism in tertiary institutions. It is assumed also that the influence of home environment, peer group pressures and many other factors are all contributory factors that cause cultism in our tertiary institutions, now that the research is out to find out the influence of cultism on students academic performance in Ilorin Metropolis. It is assumed that at the end, the result of this study will bring awareness not only to the school authorities and the parent but to the population at large, thereby giving enlightenment on how influence of cultism on students’ academic performance in Ilorin Metropolis can be curbed in our tertiary institution.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The fundamental problem of cultism is the uncertain and unsafe atmosphere in our cam across the strata of the society have complained that standard of education in allergies is falling very fast especially in our higher institutions of learning, there is of the fact that the problem caused by cultism are very many and deadly. Any time the struck there is always tension amongst the student’s population as it leads to insecurity of life and properties. Cultism has send people to their early grave and many other disabled for life.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
– To find out the actual cause of students involvement in cultism.
– Identify the effect, of cultism academic performance of students in selected tertiary institutions.
– It is to known how cultist to be aware of the danger of being a cult member.
– It is to draw government attention on how to find a lasting solution to the problem of cultism.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
– Do cult activities disrupt the academic calendar in higher institution?
– Does campus cultism lead to violence and loss of lives to the extent that standard of education in Nigeria has been negatively affected?
– Has there been any reaction of government towards cultism in higher institution?
– Is there any establishment of functional guidance and counselling department in tertiary institutions?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
All research works are aimed at finding solution to already existing problem. This study will help to expose the public to the current situation of cultism in our schools and society at large. However, this study will help to identify other areas of research interest.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Many authors have written a lot in effect of cultism on academic performance of students in some selected tertiary institution. But this study is limited to college of education Ekiadolor and some other institution Nigeria.
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