Impact of Classroom Environment on Student Academic Performance in Basic Science
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Table of content
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONS
SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Questionnaire for Junior Secondary School Students
1.1. Background of the Study
“In today’s society, schools are being held accountable for every aspect of student achievement”. “Effective Classroom environment is playing a vital role in strengthening instructional process and makes it more productive, effective and successful”. “Without effective Classroom environment, teaching learning process has no fruitful results”(Kochenderfer-Ladd & Pelletier, 2008).“Teachers vary in how they manage their classrooms but little is known regarding the relationship between Classroom environment styles and student outcomes”. “Classroom environment optimization is one strategy towards maximizing student achievement in Private Schools and Public Schools” (Brannon, 2010). “Classroom environment was brought into keen focus in the 1983 publication of A Nation at Risk”: “The Imperative For Educational Reform, published by the National Commission on Excellence in Education, which blamed poor Classroom environment to explain why some school students receive one-fifth of the reading comprehension instructional time of other students”(Kent & Chelladurai, 2001) .”The NCEE report went on to state that”, “The teacher preparation curriculum is weighted heavily with courses in “educational methods” at the expense of courses in subjects to be taught.” “In spite of all of this effort invested in pedagogy, surprisingly little is known regarding how instructional and behavioral Classroom environment styles might impact student outcomes”(Durlak, Weissberg, Dymnicki, Taylor, & Schellinger, 2011).
“Classroom environment is a critical part of effective instruction”. “Effective classroom management, which begins with efficient lesson planning preparation, helps teacher to teach and students to learn”(Brannon, 2010). “Students thrive in a positive class climate and an environment in which they feel safe, cared for and involved”. “From a student perspective, effective Classroom environment provides students with opportunities to socialize while learning interesting content”. “From a teacher perspective, effective classroom management involves preventive discipline and interesting instruction”(Suleman & Hussain, 2014). “Similarly, Classroom environment is important because it keeps students motivated to continue their work, provides appropriate instruction and feedback, and managing student work and it can keep disruptive behaviors down to a minimum”(Clunies‐Ross, Little, & Kienhuis, 2008). “The effective teacher is an extremely good classroom manager. Effective teaching and learning cannot take place in a poorly managed classroom”. “If students are disorderly and disrespectful, and no apparent rules and procedures guide behavior, chaos becomes the norm”(Brady, 2004).
Well managed classrooms provide an environment in which teaching and learning can flourish”(Ahmad, 2010). “Many research studies have suggested that a conducive classroom environment promotes students’ academic achievement”. “Classroom environment strategies are a crucial part of teachers’ success in creating a safe and effective learning environment for students”. “ The purpose of education is to provide a safe and friendly environment in order for learning to take place”. “Therefore teachers should know how to use and apply strategies that will allow and also help students to learn”(Suleman, Hussain, & Akhtar, 2013).
1.2. Statement of Problem
The “Classroom environment” as a critical factor affecting students’ behavior and achievement; the amelioration of learning and behavioral disorders; and broad educational outcomes for students, such as high school completion and participation in postsecondary education careers”. “Both of these measuring tools for schools have placed an emphasis on teaching and learning”. “If a teacher does not possess strong Classroom environment skills, his/her teaching will not foster student achievement”(D. F. Brown, 2004).
“Some teachers may use Classroom environment strategies that have a positive impact on the behavior of students, but some methods may be harmful for the child and the classroom”(Dustova & Cotton, 2015). “However, little is known regarding how student outcomes might differ by teacher Classroom environment style”. “Therefore, what was needed is a study that contrasts teacher instructional and behavioral Classroom environment styles in the important outcomes of percent of students passing statewide standardized tests”(Briesch, Briesch, & Chafouleas, 2015).
Classroom environment had been a major problems in teaching of Basic Science in Zing Local Government Area more especially in Government Technical Training School Zing ( Elizer 2017). The Challenges are in form of in-conducive classroom for teaching both Practical and theory aspect. Therefore, the study aims to proffered a solution to the above problem associated with classroom environment.
1.3. Research Objectives
“The aim of this study is to analyse Impact of Classroom environment on student academic performance in Basic Science. ”In order to achieve said aims, Following objectives are designed:
– “To analyze the relationship between Classroom environment and students’ performance”;
– “To identify the impact of effective strategies that can be used in classroom to improve students’ performance”;
– “To study the Classroom environment problems that influences the student’s behavior and achievement.
1.4. Research Questions
RQ1.What is the relationship between Classroom environment and students performance?
RQ2.What is the effective strategies that is used in classroom to improve students’ performance?
RQ3. “How does Classroom environment problems, influence the students behavior and achievement?
1.5. Significance of the study
“ The purpose of this study is to gain awareness about the classroom environment strategies and about the performance of students“.“ The research will provide insight to determine the effectiveness of the strategies used in schools level“.“ This study will help the school environment in improving their Classroom environment Strategies which ultimately enhance the students’ behavior and increase the achievement level of the students as well. the study will be beneficial to the following individual and organization
1. Ministry of Education
2. State Government
5. And other stalk holders
1.6. Limitations of the study:
The purpose of this study is to check the “Impact of Classroom environment on student academic performance in Basic Science”. So, the main focus of this study was Classroom environment
This was not be able to bring light on some of the more hidden problems in teaching style, included factors such as Teachers’ role, the students’ eLearning, and socio-economic issue and socio-cultural issues as well. The study focuses mainly on classroom environment and students performance in Basic Science subject.
1.7. Delimitations of the study:
This study was delimited to the Junior Secondary school level because of the shortage of time, the Cost for the Transportation and limited resources.
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